Efectos del calentamiento en el rendimiento físico y en la percepción psicológica en jugadores semi profesionales de fútbol. [Warm-up effects on physical performance and psychological perception in semi professional soccer players].

Marcos Pardeiro, Javier Yanci


El objetivo principal de este estudio fue analizar los efectos de un protocolo de calentamiento de 25 minutos en el rendimiento físico y en la percepción de estar preparados para afrontar un partido en jugadores de fútbol. 15 jugadores de fútbol realizaron su calentamiento estándar pre-partido de 25 minutos y antes (pretest) y después (postest) del mismo realizaban una batería de test físicos. También se registró la percepción del sueño, del estrés, de la fatiga y del dolor muscular inicial del jugador. Los resultados muestran que los jugadores se sienten más preparados para afrontar el partido después de realizar el calentamiento. Sin embargo, empeoran su rendimiento en la capacidad de aceleración (sprint 10 m, p < 0,01, TE = 0,73 y sprint 20 m p < 0,05, TE = 0,53) y no mejoran ni la capacidad de salto vertical con contra movimiento (CMJ) ni la capacidad de cambio de dirección (CODA). Los resultados obtenidos sugieren que el calentamiento de 25 minutos realizado induce a que los jugadores se sientan más preparados para afrontar el partido, pero disminuye su rendimiento físico, probablemente debido a la fatiga acumulada.


The main aim of this study was to analyze the effects of a 25 minutes warm-up protocol in soccer player physical performance and in their perception of being prepared to play a game. 15 soccer players did their standard 25 minutes lasting pre-match warm-up and they performed a battery of physical test before (pretest) and after (posttest) it. Players’ starting perception of sleep, stress, fatigue and muscle pain was also recorded. Results show that players feel more prepared to face a match after performing the warm-up. However, their acceleration capacity decreases (sprint 10 m, p < 0,01, TE = 0,73 and sprint 20 m p < 0,05, TE = 0,53). There are no effects in counter-movement jump (CMJ) or in change of direction ability (CODA). Results suggest that 25 minutes lasting warm-up routine induces players feel more prepared to face a match, but their physical performance decreases, probably because of accumulated fatigue



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Palabras clave/key words

deportes colectivos; fatiga; sprint; agilidad; salto; team sports; fatigue; sprint; agility; jump.

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RICYDE. Revista Internacional de Ciencias del Deporte
Publisher: Ramón Cantó Alcaraz
ISSN:1885-3137 - Periodicidad Trimestral / Quarterly
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