Actitudes hacia la práctica físico-deportiva según el sexo del practicante. (Gender and attitudes toward the practice of physical activity and sport.)

Juan Antonio Moreno Murcia, Celestina Martínez Galindo, Néstor Alonso Villodre

Resumen


El objetivo principal del estudio es examinar las actitudes hacia la práctica físico-deportiva según el sexo del practicante, con el fin de conocer y comprender los diferentes motivos que conducen a practicar actividades físico-deportivas. Para ello, se analizan las diferentes valoraciones otorgadas por el alumnado a la Educación Física, las prácticas físico-deportivas atendiendo a las diferencias existentes por sexo, la importancia de la motivación y la diversión en la práctica de actividad física regular, la aceptación social de las mujeres en el deporte y también, basándonos en todo lo expuesto, se establecen algunas prospectivas de estudio. Los resultados de los estudios muestran que las preferencias de los varones hacia la práctica físico-deportiva corresponden a actividades colectivas y competitivas, tales como el fútbol y el baloncesto, mientras que las adolescentes y mujeres muestran, tanto en la etapa educativa como post-educacional, actitudes positivas hacia actividades de tipo individual y estéticas tales como el aeróbic y la natación, actividades no ofertadas, en la mayoría de los casos, en las clases de Educación Física. Este aspecto ha sido considerado por los expertos como fomentador de desigualdad de oportunidades así como de discriminación del sexo femenino.

Palabras clave/key words:  genero | igualdad de trato | coeducacion | educacion fisica | deporte | sex | equality of treatment | co-education | Physical Education | sport

Abstract

The principle objective of the study is to examine the attitudes toward the practice of sports according to the sex of the practitioner, with the final objective being to understand and describe the different motivations that drive them to exercise. For this, analysis is given to the different valuations given by the student body toward physical education. These include various physical activities practiced according to gender, the importance of motivation and “fun factor” in the practice of regular exercise, social acceptance of women in sport, and also, based on the results obtained, to establish various conclusions concerning the study. The results demonstrate that the preferences of males toward exercise tend to correspond with group activities and those that are competitive, such as soccer and basketball, whereas adolescents and women demonstrate that in the educational stage as well as post educational, that they have more positive attitudes toward individual activities such as aerobics and swimming, activities normally not offered in the majority of case in physical education classes. Many experts consider these factors as things that help promote opportunities as well as female sex discrimination.

doi:10.5232/ricyde2006.00302

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Palabras clave/key words


genero; igualdad de trato; coeducacion; educacion fisica; deporte; sex; equality of treatment; co-education; Physical Education | sport

Texto completo/Full Text:

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RICYDE. Revista Internacional de Ciencias del Deporte
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Publisher: Ramón Cantó Alcaraz
ISSN:1885-3137 - Periodicidad Trimestral / Quarterly
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