Análisis de la condición física de jugadores nacionales de baloncesto en silla atendiendo a la clasificación funcional. [Physical fitness analysis according the functional classification in national wheelchair basketball players].

Javier Yanci, Aitor Iturricastillo, Lander Lozano, Cristina Granados

Resumen


Los objetivos de este estudio fueron, por un lado, analizar la condición física de jugadores de baloncesto en silla de ruedas, y por otro, analizar las diferencias existentes entre estos deportistas con distintos niveles de clasificación funcional. En este estudio participaron 15 jugadores masculinos de baloncesto en silla de ruedas (38,73 ± 4,49 años, 78,49 ± 10,89 kg, 89,96 ± 3,58 cm talla sentados), que fueron divididos en dos grupos en función de la clasificación funcional: Categoría A (n = 7, jugadores con un alto nivel de afectación funcional) y Categoría B (n = 8, jugadores con un menor nivel de afectación). Los resultados obtenidos determinan que el grupo con mayor clasificación funcional obtuvo mejores resultados en el test Yo-Yo 10 m (distancia recorrida, 19,32%, d = 0,89, p > 0.05). Sin embargo, las diferencias entre grupos únicamente se observaron en los test específicos de aceleración 5 m con balón (p > 0,05, 6,84%, d = 0,86), 20 m con balón (p < 0,01, 7,59%, d = 2,23) y Pick up (p < 0,05, 10,07%, d = 0,87) y en la fuerza medida a través del test de lanzamiento de balón medicinal (p < 0,05, 13,82%, d = 0,73). Sin embargo, estas diferencias entre grupos no se observaron en la capacidad de aceleración sin balón, en el T-test o en los test de fuerza handgrip o maximal pass. La clasificación funcional puede afectar a la condición física aeróbica, a la fuerza explosiva medida a través del test de lanzamiento de balón medicinal, así como a los test específicos de aceleración de 5 y 20 m con balón.

Abstract

The objectives of this study were, first, to analyze the physical fitness in wheelchair basketball players, and secondly, to analyze the differences between athletes with different levels of functional classification. The study included 15 male wheelchair basketball players (38.73 ± 4.49 years, 78.49 ± 10.89 kg, 89.96 ± 3.58 cm sitting height), which were divided into two groups according on the impairment: Category A (n = 7, players with a high level of functional impairment) and Category B (n = 8 players with a lower level of functional impairment). The results determined that the group with greater functional classification performed better Yo-Yo 10 m test (distance covered, 19.32%, d = 0.89, p > 0.05). However, the differences between groups are observed in the specific acceleration 5 m with ball test (p > 0,05, 6.84%, d = 0.86), 20 m with ball (p < 0.01, 7, 59%, d = 2.23) and Pick up (p < 0.05, 10.07%, d = 0.87) and the strength measured by the medicine ball test (p < 0.05, 13.82%, d = 0.73). However, these differences between groups were not observed in the acceleration capacity without the ball, the T-test, maximal pass or handgrip test. The functional classification can affect aerobic fitness, the explosive force, as well as specific test with ball.

http://dx.doi.org/10.5232/ricyde2015.04006

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Palabras clave/key words


calidad de vida; frecuencia cardiaca; valoración física; baloncesto en silla; health; physical fitness; heart rate; strength; wheelchair basketball.

Texto completo/Full Text:

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RICYDE. Revista Internacional de Ciencias del Deporte
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Publisher: Ramón Cantó Alcaraz
ISSN:1885-3137 - Periodicidad Trimestral / Quarterly
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