Effect of the rally length on performance according to the final action and the playing level in high-level men’s volleyball. [Efecto de la duración de la jugada sobre el rendimiento en función de la acción final y del nivel de juego en voleibol masculino de alto nivel].

Joaquín Sánchez-Moreno, Isabel Mesquita, José Afonso, Antonio Millán-Sánchez, Aurelio Ureña



The aim of this study was to analyze how rally length affected performance according to the final action of the rally and the playing level, as well as to identify potential critical rallies associated with rally length in high-level men’s volleyball. Thirty-one matches (5,438 rallies) of the top ranking national teams were sampled from two of the premier worldwide competitions: Men’s World Championship and Men’s World League. Rallies between eight and ten seconds emerged as critical incidents of the game, changing the general trend in performance according to the final action of the rally (attack point or attack error with or without opposite team’s contact). Rallies longer than ten seconds seemed to balance the chances of success between both teams, with the team in the side-out phase losing the initial advantage of being the first team to attack. Differences were found among teams of similar level, suggesting that the ability to efficiently manage some game situations might be attributed to team’s features. Coaches may deliver drills with varying playing styles and strategies depending on the length of the really, determining the degree of risk according to the length.


El objetivo de este estudio fue analizar cómo la duración de la jugada afecta al rendimiento de los equipos en función de la acción final y del nivel de juego, así como identificar las jugadas potencialmente críticas asociadas a su duración en voleibol masculino de alto nivel. Se analizaron treinta y un partidos (5438 jugadas), donde se enfrentaban las mejores selecciones nacionales clasificadas en dos de las mejores competiciones mundiales: el Campeonato del Mundo Masculino y la Liga Mundial Masculina. Las jugadas de entre ocho y diez segundos surgieron como incidentes críticos del juego alterando la tendencia general esperada respecto al rendimiento de los equipos en función de la acción final ocurrida (puntos o errores de ataque, directos o con contacto del rival). Además, las jugadas que superaron los diez segundos parecen equilibrar las posibilidades de éxito entre ambos equipos, perdiéndose la ventaja inicial que proporciona el primer ataque al equipo en recepción. Se encontraron diferencias entre equipos de niveles de juego similares, lo que podría sugerir que la capacidad de gestionar de manera eficiente algunas situaciones del juego podría atribuirse a las características del equipo. Los entrenadores deben proponer ejercicios tomando en consideración los estilos y las estrategias de juego en función de la duración de la jugada, determinando el grado de riesgo asumido según la duración.



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Palabras clave/key words

performance analysis; critical moments; rally length; final actions; teams’ ranking. / análisis del rendimiento; momentos críticos; duración de la jugada; acciones finales; ranking de los equipos.

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RICYDE. Revista Internacional de Ciencias del Deporte

Publisher: Ramón Cantó Alcaraz
ISSN:1885-3137 - Periodicidad Trimestral / Quarterly
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