How dots behave in two different pitch sizes? Analysis of tactical behavior based on position data in two soccer field sizes. [¿Cómo se comportan los puntos en dos campos diferentes? Análisis del comportamiento táctico basado en los datos de posición en dos tamaños de campo de fútbol].

Filipe Manuel Clemente, João Bernardo Sequeiros, Acácio Correia, Jaime Sierra-Olivares, Sixto González-Víllora, Frutuoso Silva, Fernando Manuel Lourenço Martins

Resumen


Abstract

The purpose of this study was to analyze the effects of two different field sizes (full and half of an official size field) on the tactical behaviors measured by position data of players. Ten amateur soccer players (age = 23.39  3.91 years old) were tracked with GPS units during two situations of 11 vs. 11, one in each field size. The position data was treated and the centroid and stretch index of the team were calculated with the Ultimate Performance Analysis Tool. Significantly greater values of centroid in goal-to-goal axis (p = 0.001; ES = 3.794), centroid in lateral-to-lateral axis (p = 0.001; ES = 0.729) and total stretch index (p = 0.001; ES = 1.185) were found in the full-size game. The full-size of the field increased the distances between teammates and the distances to the centroid. Moreover, the position of geometrical center of the team was beyond of the middle line in the full size.

Resumen

El propósito de este trabajo fue analizar el efecto de la modificación del espacio de juego sobre los comportamientos tácticos en fútbol, mediante variables de posicionamiento de jugadores. Se monitorizó a 10 jugadores amateur (edad = 23.39  3.91 años) con unidades GPS en dos partidos 11 vs. 11 diferentes en cuanto al tamaño del campo (medio campo y campo entero). Se calculó el centroide y el índice de elasticidad de los equipos mediante el software Ultimate Performance Analysis Tool (Instrumento de análisis de alto rendimiento). Se observaron valores significativamente superiores de los centroid portería-a-portería (p = 0.001; ES = 3.794), centroid banda-a-banda (p = 0.001; ES = 0.729) y índice total de elasticidad (p = 0.001; ES = 1.185) en la situación de campo entero. La situación de campo entero incrementó las distancias entre compañeros y distancias de los jugadores respecto al centroide. Además, la posición geométrica del centro del equipo se situó por delante de la línea media del campo en la situación de campo entero.

https://doi.org/10.5232/ricyde2018.05102

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Palabras clave/key words


georeferencing; technology; tactical metrics; ultimate performance analysis tool; football; tactics.

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RICYDE. Revista Internacional de Ciencias del Deporte
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Publisher: Ramón Cantó Alcaraz
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