Effects of game location, quality of opposition and players’ suspensions on performance in elite male handball. [Efecto según el lugar del partido, la calidad del adversario y de las exclusiones de los jugadores sobre las prestaciones del balonmano masculino de alto nivel].

Thierry Debanne



Based on the territoriality concept, the aim of this study was to investigate the influence of game location, quality of opposition, and players’ exclusions on team performance (score differential). The sample consisted of 364 games (182 during each regular season 2014-2015 and 2015-16) from the French male professional league (LNH). In contrast to the territoriality theory, the results did not show that home teams were more sanctioned than visiting teams. Furthermore, using Analysis of Variance, the findings highlighted the fact that the quality of the opponent overcomes the home advantage effect and the existence of an interaction effect of [game location] x [quality of opposition] x [players’exclusions difference] on the score differential. Indeed, home teams with strong opposition perform better when they are more sanctioned (M = -2.26; SD = 3.53) than when they are less sanctioned (M = -4.9; SD = 4.69). Concerning visiting teams, faced with strong opposition, they perform better when they are less sanctioned (M = -2.8; SD = 4.5) than when they are more sanctioned (M = -5.4; SD =3.5) or when players’ exclusions are balanced (M = -5.7; SD = 5.4); also, faced with balanced opposition they perform better when they are more sanctioned (M = 0.03; SD = 4.85) than when players’ exclusions are balanced (M = -2.1; SD = 4.34). These results can contribute to a better understanding of the situational determining factors of elite handball performance, helping coaches to prepare their own team accordingly.


Este estudio se apoya sobre el concepto de territorialidad. Su objectivo es investigar la influencia del lugar del partido, de la calidad del adversario y de la exclusiones de los jugadores sobre el record. La muestra constituye 364 partidos (182 de cada una de las temporadas deportistas 2014-2015 y 2015-2016) de la Liga Francesa profesional del balonmano (LNH). Al contrario de las previsiones resultante de la teoria de la territorilidad, los resultados no han demostrado que los equipos jugando a domicilio eran más sancionados que los equipos visitantes. Sin embargo, utilizando el análisis de varianza, los resultados han demostrado sin duda alguna que la calidad del adversario tenía más efecto sobre el resultado final que el lugar del partido, y que existe un efecto de interacion ([lugar del partido] x (calidad del adversario) x (diferencia de la candidad de jugadores excluidos 2 minutos, entre los equipos)], sobre del tanteo. De hecho, los equipos de casa con una fuerte oposición tienen mejores resultados cuando son más sancionados (M = -2.26; SD = 3.53) que cuando son menos sancionados (M = -4.9; SD = 4.69). En cuanto a los equipos visitantes, enfrentados a una fuerte oposición, se comportan mejor cuando son menos sancionados (M = -2.8, SD = 4.5) que cuando son más sancionados (M = -5.4, SD = 3.5) o cuando las suspensiones de los jugadores son equilibradas (M = -5,7; SD = 5,4); también, frente a una oposición equilibrada, se comportan mejor cuando son más sancionados (M = 0.03; SD = 4.85) que cuando las suspensiones de los jugadores son equilibradas (M = -2.1; SD = 4.34). Estos resultados pueden contribuir a una mejor comprension de variables situacionales en el balonmano de alto nivel, y ayudar los entrenadores a preparar las estrategias de su equipo.



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Palabras clave/key words

home advantage; territoriality; players’ aggressiveness; ventaja de campo; territorialidad ; agresividad de los jugadores.

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RICYDE. Revista Internacional de Ciencias del Deporte

Publisher: Ramón Cantó Alcaraz
ISSN:1885-3137 - Periodicidad Trimestral / Quarterly
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