Niveles de ira en deportistas: diferencias en función del grado de contacto y el género. [Anger intensity in sportspeople: differences based on contact and gender].

José Ignacio Menéndez-Santurio, Javier Fernández-Río

Resumen


Los objetivos de este estudio fueron tres: (1) analizar los niveles de ira de las personas en función del grado de contacto en el deporte practicado, (2) examinar los niveles de ira en función del género, y (3) determinar posibles correlaciones entre la ira y la edad, los años, los días y las horas semanales de práctica. 398 personas (188 hombres y 210 mujeres) entre 16 y 35 años accedieron a participar: 148 competidores de deportes de contacto, 138 de deportes sin contacto y 112 no practicantes. Se llevó a cabo una investigación cuantitativa de tipo comparativa transversal. Se utilizó el Inventario de la Expresión de la Ira Estado-Rasgo. Los resultados mostraron diferencias significativas (p < 0,05) en el sentimiento de ira entre no practicantes y practicantes de deportes sin contacto, en la expresión verbal de la ira entre practicantes de deportes de contacto y sin contacto y en la reacción a la ira entre no-practicantes y practicantes de deportes de contacto. Asimismo, se hallaron diferencias significativas (p < 0,05) en las variables rasgo de ira, control interno de ira y expresión física de la ira en función del género. También se encontraron correlaciones negativas significativas (p < 0,05) entre la edad, días y años de práctica y la ira. Estos hallazgos señalan que los niveles de ira se ven afectados por la cantidad, intensidad y grado de contacto de su práctica deportiva, así como por el género.

Abstract

The aims of this study were three: (1) to assess individuals’ anger levels based on the contact in the sport, (2) to examine anger levels based on gender, and (3) to determine possible correlations between anger and age, years, days, and hours of practice. 398 individuals (188 males and 210 females) between 16 and 35 years agreed to participate: 148 contact-sport competitors, 138 contactless sport and 112 individuals who did not practice any sport. A comparative, transversal quantitative research design was carried out. The State-Trait Anger Expression Inventory was used. Results showed significant differences (p < 0,05) in anger feeling between no-practice and contactless sport athletes, in anger verbal expression between contact and contactless sport athletes and in anger reaction between no-practice and contact-sport athletes. Likewise, there were found significant differences (p < 0,05) in trait anger, anger control-in, and anger physical expression based on genre. There were also found significant negative correlations (p < 0,05) between age, days and years of practice and anger. These findings highlight that anger levels are affected by the amount, intensity and grade of contact of its practice, as well as gender.

https://doi.org/10.5232/ricyde2017.05003

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Palabras clave/key words


deportes de contacto; emoción; deportes sin contacto; psicología del deporte; contact sports; emotion; contactless sports; sport psychology

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RICYDE. Revista Internacional de Ciencias del Deporte
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Publisher: Ramón Cantó Alcaraz
ISSN:1885-3137 - Periodicidad Trimestral / Quarterly
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