Relationship between test of postural control and strength and ability tests in basketball players. [Relación entre las pruebas de control postural y las pruebas de fuerza y habilidad en jugadores de baloncesto].

Abbas Asadi, Hamid Arazi

Resumen


Abstract

This study investigated the relationship between performance tests (i.e., jumping ability, strength, sprint and change of direction ability) and dynamic postural control in young basketball players. Twenty-three young basketball players participated in this study and performed measurements of dynamic balance (Star Excursion Balance Test [SEBT]), countermovement jump (CMJ), broad long jump (BLJ), 4×9-m shuttle run, agility T test (TT), Illinois agility test (IAT), 20-m sprint and lower extremity muscle strength. Significant association was observed between balance (at medial direction) and strength performance (r = 0.523, p < 0.05). Significant positive correlations were detected between directions of SEBT and BLJ (r = -0.466 to -0.479, p < 0.05), 4×9-m shuttle run (r = -0.403 to 0.486, p < 0.05), TT (r = -0.410, p < 0.05), IAT (r = 0.435, p < 0.05) and sprint (r = -0.402 to 0.452, p < 0.05). Postural control is more in relation to change of direction ability, sprint and power performance in basketball athletes.

Resumen

Este estudio investigó la relación entre las pruebas de rendimiento y el control postural dinámico en jóvenes jugadores de baloncesto. Veintitrés jóvenes jugadores de baloncesto participaron en este estudio y realizaron mediciones de equilibrio dinámico (Prueba de Balance de Excursión Estrella [SEBT]), salto de contramovimiento (CMJ), salto largo en longitud (BLJ), lanzamiento de 4 × 9 m, test T de agilidad (TT), prueba de agilidad de Illinois (IAT), sprint de 20 m y fuerza muscular de las extremidades inferiores. Se observó una asociación significativa entre el equilibrio (en la dirección medial) y el rendimiento de la fuerza (r = 0.523, p <0.05). Se detectaron correlaciones positivas significativas entre las direcciones de SEBT y BLJ (r = -0,466 a -0,479, p <0,05), carrera con cambios de sentido de 4 × 9 m (r = -0,403 a 0,486, p <0,05), TT (r = 0,410, p <0,05), IAT (r = 0,435, p <0,05) y sprint (r = -0,402 a 0,452, p <0,05). El control postural está altamente correlacionado con la capacidad de cambio de dirección, sprint y el rendimiento de potencia en los atletas de baloncesto.

https://doi.org/10.5232/ricyde2018.05201

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Palabras clave/key words


balance; strength; muscle performance; youth; equilibrio; fuerza; rendimiento muscular; juventud.

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RICYDE. Revista Internacional de Ciencias del Deporte
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Publisher: Ramón Cantó Alcaraz
ISSN:1885-3137 - Periodicidad Trimestral / Quarterly
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