Juego y práctica deliberada en la formación deportiva de jugadores de élite del voleibol. [Play and practice in sport development of volleyball elite athletes].

Carine Collet, Juarez Vieira do Nascimento, Alexandra Folle, Felipe Goedert Mendes, Sergio José Ibáñez

Resumen


El objetivo de este estudio fue analizar el tiempo de práctica semanal en la participación en actividades de juego deliberado y práctica deliberada durante las etapas de formación deportiva de jugadores de élite del voleibol brasileño. Participaron del estudio 121 jugadores de las selecciones brasileñas de voleibol de las categorías de formación y adultas, así como jugadores que ya finalizaron su carrera deportiva. Los datos relacionados a las horas semanales de participación en las actividades en cada etapa de formación deportiva se obtuvieron a través de un cuestionario. El análisis de datos se realizó a partir de la MLG-ANOVA de dos factores. Los resultados indicaron equilibrio en la duración semanal de la participación en actividades de juego y práctica deliberada en los años de diversificación, mientras que se observó diferencia significativa (p<0,05) en la duración de cada tipo de actividad entre los años de especialización e inversión. Se observó un aumento gradual del desarrollo con la práctica deliberada y, consecuentemente, la disminución de la participación con el juego deliberado en la evolución de las etapas. Se concluye que estos jugadores se involucraron en actividades de práctica deliberada desde el inicio de la formación deportiva, un hecho que puede haber influido en su desempeño como jugador de voleibol, a partir de vivencias con el deporte sistematizado.

Abstract

The aim of this study was to analyze the weekly practice time in the participation in deliberate play and deliberate practice activities during the stages of sports development of elite players of Brazilian volleyball. Participating in the study 121 players from the Brazilian volleyball national teams of the training and adult categories, as well as players who had already finished their sporting career. The data related to the weekly hours of participation in the activities in each stage of sports training were obtained through a questionnaire. The data analysis was performed from the GLM-ANOVA two-factor. The results indicated a balance in the weekly duration of participation in deliberate play and deliberate practice activities in the sampling years, while there was a significant difference (p<0.05) in the duration of each type of activity between the specialization and investment years. A gradual increase of the development was observed with the deliberate practice and, consequently, the decrease of the participation in deliberate play in the evolution of the stages. It is concluded that these players were involved in activities of deliberate practice since the beginning of sports development, a fact that may have influenced their performance as a volleyball player, from experiences with systematized sport.

https://doi.org/10.5232/ricyde2018.05403

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Palabras clave/key words


Voleibol; formación deportiva; participación en actividades; jugadores de élite / Volleyball, sports development, engagement in activities, elite athletes

Texto completo/Full Text:

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RICYDE. Revista Internacional de Ciencias del Deporte
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Publisher: Ramón Cantó Alcaraz
ISSN:1885-3137 - Periodicidad Trimestral / Quarterly
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