The use of the additional field player on handball: analysis of the Rio 2016 Olympic Games. [El uso del jugador adicional en el balonmano: análisis de los Juegos Olímpicos de Río 2016].

Tathyane Krahenbühl, Nilva Pessoa de Souza, Lucas Leonardo, Larissa Rafaela Galatti, Gustavo De Conti Teixeira Costa

Resumen


Abstract

This study aims at analyzing the effectiveness of using an additional field player, when goalkeeper is replaced, during the positional attack in the case of numerical equality, superiority or inferiority and when counterattacks are suffered. The sample consisted of 841 attack actions collected from eight games of men’s teams in the knockout phase of the Rio 2016 Olympic Games. The number of goals scored and the counterattacks suffered in symmetrical and asymmetrical situations were checked for both situations: using the additional player or not. Was performed the chi-square test (𝜒2) and the effect power was calculated using Phi (ɸ). The analysis of the attack showed that there was no association between goal-making and the use of the additional field player in different asymmetric situations. There was no association between the reach of the goal in case of opponent’s counterattack substitution of the goalkeeper with the additional field player or not as well as no association between punishment and goal achievement in different offensive situations. The use of an additional field player did not benefit the team in attack actions and brought no disadvantages in the scoreboard. These results show that, in this championship, such strategy did not produce significant changes in decisive games of men’s handball.

Resumen

Este estudio tiene como objetivo analizar la efectividad del uso de un jugador adicional, cuando se reemplaza al portero, durante el ataque de posición en el caso de igualdad, superioridad o inferioridad numérica y cuando se sufren contraataques. La muestra consistió en 841 acciones de ataque recolectadas de ocho juegos de equipos masculinos en la fase eliminatoria de los Juegos Olímpicos Rio 2016. El número de goles marcados y los contraataques sufridos en situaciones simétricas y asimétricas se verificaron en ambas situaciones: con el jugador adicional o no. Se realizó la prueba de chi-cuadrado (𝜒2) y la potencia del efecto se calculó utilizando Phi (ɸ). El análisis del ataque mostró que no había asociación entre el establecimiento de objetivos y el uso del jugador de adicional en situaciones asimétricas. En el contraataque no hubo asociación entre sufrir o gol y sustituir al portero por el jugador adicional o no, así como no hubo asociación entre las puniciones y la realización del gol en diferentes situaciones ofensivas. El uso de un jugador adicional no benefició al equipo en las acciones de ataque y no trajo desventajas en el marcador. Estos demuestran que, en este campeonato, dicha estrategia no produjo cambios significativos en los juegos decisivos del balonmano masculino.

https://doi.org/10.5232/ricyde2019.05707

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Palabras clave/key words


Handball; notational analysis; additional field player; attack asymmetric; Balonmano; análisis de notación; jugador de campo adicional; ataque asimétrico.

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RICYDE. Revista Internacional de Ciencias del Deporte
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