Comparación de tres métodos de cuantificación de la carga de entrenamiento en baloncesto. [Comparison of three methods of quantifying the training load in basketball].

María Reina, David Mancha-Triguero, David García-Santos, Javier García-Rubio, Sergio J. Ibáñez

Resumen


Para una correcta planificación del entrenamiento, es necesario saber cómo se distribuyen los esfuerzos a lo largo de la semana y, por consiguiente, evaluar la carga soportada por los jugadores. Con este cometido, el uso de dispositivos inteligentes para el control de la carga del entrenamiento se encuentra en auge. Al ser un método costoso, es importante prestarle atención a medidas que supongan un menor coste. El objetivo de este estudio fue, en primer lugar, cuantificar la carga de entrenamiento a través de tres tipos de instrumentos. Las tareas fueron analizadas por dispositivos inerciales, bandas de frecuencia cardíaca y una hoja de registro de entrenamiento. En segundo lugar, establecer si existe una relación directa entre las mediciones utilizadas. Por tanto, el diseño del presente estudio se encuadra dentro de la investigación correlacional. Se analizó el entrenamiento de un equipo de baloncesto femenino de forma ecológica, sin intervenir en las sesiones, recogiendo un total de 120 tareas. Los resultados obtenidos afirman que existe una correlación estadísticamente significativa entre los tres tipos de medición de carga durante las mismas tareas de entrenamiento, principalmente entre la carga establecida por los dispositivos inerciales y la hoja de registro empleada (r = ,897; r2=,804). La evaluación de la carga de entrenamiento no discrepa según la medida de recogida de información empleada. Usando una hoja de registro, la cual no implica ningún coste, se informa acerca de la carga real soportada por los jugadores durante el entrenamiento.

Abstract

For proper training planning, it is necessary to know how the efforts are distributed throughout the week and, therefore, to evaluate the load support by the athletes. With this mission, the use of intelligent devices to control the training load is booming. As it is a costly method, it is important to pay attention to measures that involve a lower cost. The objective of this study was, first, to quantify the training load through the types of instruments, in order to establish relationships between them. The tasks were analyzed by inertial devices, heart rate bands and a training record sheet. Second, establish whether there is a direct relationship between the measurements used. Thus, the design of the present study fits into correlational research. The training of a women's basketball team was analyzed ecologically, without intervening in the sessions, collecting a total of 120 tasks. The obtained results affirm that there is a statistically significant correlation between the three types of load measurement during the same training tasks, mainly between the load established by the inertial devices and the record sheet used (r =, 897; r2 =, 804). The evaluation of the training load did not differ according to the measure of collection of information used. Using a record sheet, which does not imply any cost, it is informed about the real load supported by the athletes during the training.

https://doi.org/10.5232/ricyde2019.05805

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Palabras clave/key words


Entrenamiento; carga; monitorización; tareas; training, load, monitoring, tasks.

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RICYDE. Revista Internacional de Ciencias del Deporte
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