Students’ physical activity intensity and sedentary behaviour by physical self-concept profiles: A latent profile analysis. [Intensidad de la actividad física y comportamiento sedentario de los estudiantes por perfiles de autoconcepto físico: Un análisis de perfil latente].

Santiago Guijarro-Romero, Daniel Mayorga-Vega, Jesús Viciana, Carolina Casado-Robles, Arto Gråstén, Timo Jaakkola

Resumen


Abstract

Aims of this study were to identify student clusters in physical appearance, sport competence, global physical self-concept and self-esteem, and to examine whether different physical self-concept groups differ in their moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and sedentary behaviour. Participants of the study were 211 boys and 183 girls aged 13-16 years. MVPA and sedentary behaviour were monitored by GT3X accelerometers during seven days. Participants’ physical self-concept was measured by the short Physical Self-Description Questionnaire. Latent profile analyses revealed a four-cluster solution: 1) “low sport competence, moderate global physical self-concept and self-esteem, and high physical appearance”; 2) “high sport competence, moderate global physical self-concept and self-esteem, and low physical appearance”; 3) “moderate sport competence, global physical self-concept, self-esteem, and physical appearance”, and 4) “moderate sport competence and global physical self-concept, high self-esteem, and low physical appearance”. Multivariate analysis of variance showed differences in MVPA between boys’ in clusters 2 and 3 (p < .05). Students’ MVPA levels differ by physical self-concept profiles.

Resumen

Los objetivos del estudio fueron identificar grupos de estudiantes en apariencia física, competencia deportiva, autoconcepto físico global y autoestima, y examinar si los diferentes grupos de autoconcepto físico difieren en su actividad física moderada-vigorosa (AFMV) y comportamiento sedentario. Los participantes del estudio fueron 211 varones y 183 mujeres de 13-16 años. La AFMV y el comportamiento sedentario fueron monitorizados por acelerómetros GT3X durante siete días. El autoconcepto físico de los estudiantes fue medido por la versión corta del Physical Self-Description Questionnaire. Los análisis de perfil latente revelaron una solución de cuatro grupos: 1) “baja competencia deportiva, moderado autoconcepto físico global y autoestima, y alta apariencia física”; 2) alta competencia deportiva, moderado autoconcepto físico global y autoestima, y baja apariencia física”; 3) “moderada competencia deportiva, autoconcepto físico global, autoestima, y apariencia física”; y 4) “moderada competencia deportiva y autoconcepto físico global, alta autoestima, y baja apariencia física”. Los análisis multivariados de la varianza mostraron diferencias en la AFMV entre los grupos de chicos 2 y 3 (p < ,05). Los niveles de AFMV de los estudiantes difieren según los perfiles de autoconcepto físico.

https://doi.org/10.5232/ricyde2020.05907

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Palabras clave/key words


physical self-perceptions; physical activity; sedentary behaviour; clusters; accelerometry; autopercepciones físicas; actividad física; comportamiento sedentario; grupos; acelerometría.

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