Influencia de las lesiones previas en los patrones fundamentales del movimiento en jugadoras profesionales de fútbol. [Influence of previous injuries on fundamental movement patterns in professional female soccer players].

Raquel Hernández-García, Alba Aparicio-Sarmiento, Jose Manuel Palao, Pilar Sainz de Baranda


En el alto nivel la detección del riesgo de lesión resulta crucial para alcanzar el éxito deportivo. Para ello, los equipos técnicos suelen buscar herramientas sencillas, económicas y que doten de mucha información, tales como los tests funcionales y registros de lesiones. Por lo tanto, los objetivos de este estudio fueron describir tanto las lesiones previas como las compensaciones manifestadas por jugadoras de fútbol en patrones básicos de movimiento, así como analizar la relación entre estas lesiones y los patrones motores fundamentales analizados. En este estudio de cohortes retrospectivo participaron 16 jugadoras de fútbol de segunda división [Edad: 22±4,11 años; práctica federada: 10±4,49 años]. Se evaluaron los patrones motores básicos mediante la Valoración Funcional Básica (VAFB) y se cumplimentó un cuestionario sobre las lesiones de la temporada anterior. Nueve jugadoras (56,25%) sufrieron alguna lesión, de entre las cuales ocho (88,89%) se localizaron en el miembro inferior y la mayoría de lesiones se produjeron por sobreuso, sin contacto (n=7). Los porcentajes medios de compensaciones y asimetrías en la VAFB fueron de 65,79%±11,80 y 15,30%±4,82, respectivamente. Los resultados de la valoración funcional fueron ligeramente mejores para las jugadoras que no sufrieron lesión, aunque las diferencias no fueron significativas [t=-,605; p=,555]. Los resultados de la VAFB podrían ser empleados en el diseño de programas preventivos individualizados en fútbol femenino.


At the high level, the detection of the risk of injury is crucial for sporting success. For this purpose, technical teams often look for simple, economical and informative tools, such as functional tests and injury records. Therefore, the objectives of this study were to describe both the previous injuries and the compensations expressed by female football players in basic movement patterns, as well as to analyse the relationship between these injuries and the fundamental motor patterns analysed. This retrospective cohort study involved 16 second division female football players [Age: 22±4.11 years; federated practice: 10±4.49 years]. Basic motor patterns were evaluated using Basic Functional Assessment (BAFA) and a questionnaire on injuries from the previous season was completed. Nine players (56.25%) suffered some injury, among which eight (88.89%) were located in the lower limb and the majority of injuries were caused by overuse, without contact (n=7). The mean percentages of compensations and asymmetries in the VAFB were 65.79%±11.80 and 15.30%±4.82, respectively. Functional assessment results were slightly better for players who did not suffer injury, although the differences were not significant [t=-,605; p=,555]. The results of the VAFB could be used in the design of individualized preventive programs in women's soccer.


Åman, M.; Larsén, K.; Forssblad, M.; Näsmark, A.; Waldén, M., & Hägglund, M. (2018). A Nationwide Follow-up Survey on the Effectiveness of an Implemented Neuromuscular Training Program to Reduce Acute Knee Injuries in Soccer Players. Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine, 6(12), 1-10.

Andújar, P.; Alonso, C., y Santonja, F. (1996). Tratamiento de la cortedad de isquiosurales. Selección, 5(1), 37-48.

Aspe, R. R., & Swinton, P. A. (2014). Electromyographic and Kinetic Comparison of the Back Squat and Overhead Squat. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 28(10), 2827-2836.

Atalay, E. S.; Tarakci, D., & Algun, C. (2018). Are the functional movement analysis scores of handball players related to athletic parameters? Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation, 14(6), 954-959.

Ayala, F.; Sainz De Baranda, P., & De Ste Croix, M. (2010). Effect of active stretch on hip flexion range of motion in female professional futsal players. The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness, 50(4), 428-435.

Ayala, F.; Puerta-Callejón, J. M.; Flores-Gallego, M. J.; García-Vaquero, M. P.; Ruíz-Pérez, I.; Caldearon-López, A.; Parra-Sánchez, S.; López-Plaza, D., y López-Valenciano, A. (2016). Análisis bayesiano de los principales factores de riesgo de lesión de la musculatura isquiosural. Kronos, 15(1), 1-18.

Beales, D. J.; O'Sullivan, P. B., & Briffa, N. K. (2010). The effects of manual pelvic compression on trunk motor control during an active straight leg raise in chronic pelvic girdle pain subjects. Manual Therapy, 15(2), 190-199.

Bennett, H.; Davison, K.; Arnold, J.; Martin, M.; Wood, S., & Norton, K. (2019). Reliability of a movement quality assessment tool to guide exercise prescription (movement screen). International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy, 14(3), 424-435.

Bennett, H.; Davison, K.; Arnold, J.; Slattery, F.; Martin, M., & Norton, K. (2017). Multicomponent Musculoskeletal Movement Assessment Tools: A Systematic Review and Critical Appraisal of Their Development and Applicability to Professional Practice. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 31(10), 2903-2919.

Bishop, C.; Edwards, M., & Turner, A. N. (2016). Screening movement dysfunctions using the overhead squat. Professional Strength & Conditioning, 22-30.

Bishop, C.; Pereira, L. A.; Reis, V. P.; Read, P.; Turner, A. N., & Loturco, I. (2019). Comparing the magnitude and direction of asymmetry during the squat, countermovement and drop jump tests in elite youth female soccer players. Journal of Sports Sciences, 0(0), 1-8.

Boguszewski, D.; Adamczyk, J.; Buda, M.; Kłoda, M., & Białoszewski, D. (2016). The use of functional tests to assess risk of injuries in judokas. Archives of Budo: Science of Martial Arts and Extreme Sports, 12(1), 57-62.

Bunn, P. D. S.; Rodrigues, A. I., & Bezerra da Silva, E. (2019). The association between the functional movement screen outcome and the incidence of musculoskeletal injuries: A systematic review with meta-analysis. Physical Therapy in Sport: Official Journal of the Association of Chartered Physiotherapists in Sports Medicine, 35, 146-158.

Castropil, W., & Arnoni, C. (2014). Postural patterns and adaptations in judo athletes. Archives of Budo, 10, 23-28.

Cejudo, A.; Sainz de Baranda, M. P.; Ayala, F., y Santonja, F. (2014). Perfil de flexibilidad de la extremidad inferior en jugadores de fútbol sala. Revista Internacional de Medicina y Ciencias de la Actividad Física y del Deporte, 55, 8-17.

Cejudo, A.; Robles-Palazón, F. J.; Ayala, F.; De Ste Croix, M.; Ortega-Toro, E.; Santonja-Medina, F., & Sainz de Baranda, P. (2019). Age-related differences in flexibility in soccer players 8-19 years old. PeerJ, 7, e6236.

Chalmers, S.; Debenedictis, T. A.; Zacharia, A.; Townsley, S.; Gleeson, C.; Lynagh, M.; Townsley, A., & Fuller, J. T. (2018). Asymmetry during Functional Movement Screening and injury risk in junior football players: A replication study. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports, 28(3), 1281-1287.

Chimera, N. J.; Smith, C. A., & Warren, M. (2015). Injury history, sex, and performance on the functional movement screen and Y balance test. Journal of Athletic Training, 50(5), 475-485.

Chorba, R. S.; Chorba, D. J.; Bouillon, L. E.; Overmyer, C. A., & Landis, J. A. (2010). Use of a Functional Movement Screening Tool to Determine Injury Risk in Female Collegiate Athletes. North American Journal of Sports Physical Therapy: NAJSPT, 5(2), 47-54.

Cibulka, M. T., & Threlkeld-Watkins, J. (2005). Patellofemoral pain and asymmetrical hip rotation. Physical Therapy, 85(11), 1201-1207.

Cohen, J. (2013). Statistical Power Analysis for the Behavioral Sciences. Routledge.

Conley, S., & Lategan, L. (2019). Injury prevalence and functional movement screen TM scores in young football players. South African Journal for Research in Sport, Physical Education and Recreation, 41(1), 1-11-11.

Cook, G.; Burton, L.; Hoogenboom, B. J., & Voight, M. (2014). Functional Movement Screening: The Use Of Functional Movements As An Assessment Of Function- Part 1. International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy, 9(3), 396-409.

Davies, G. J.; McCarty, E.; Provencher, M., & Manske, R. C. (2017). ACL Return to Sport Guidelines and Criteria. Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine, 10(3), 307-314.

De Blaiser, C.; Roosen, P.; Willems, T.; Danneels, L.; Bossche, L. V., & De Ridder, R. (2018). Is core stability a risk factor for lower extremity injuries in an athletic population? A systematic review. Physical Therapy in Sport, 30, 48-56.

Del Coso, J.; Herrero, H., & Salinero, J. J. (2018). Injuries in Spanish female soccer players. Journal of Sport and Health Science, 7(2), 183-190.

Dinc, E.; Kilinc, B. E.; Bulat, M.; Erten, Y. T., & Bayraktar, B. (2017). Effects of special exercise programs on functional movement screen scores and injury prevention in preprofessional young football players. Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation, 13(5), 535-540.

Dos'Santos, T.; Thomas, C.; Comfort, P., & Jones, P. A. (2019). The Effect of Training Interventions on Change of Direction Biomechanics Associated with Increased Anterior Cruciate Ligament Loading: A Scoping Review. Sports Medicine (Auckland, N.Z.).

Engström, B.; Johansson, C., & Tornkvist, H. (1991). Soccer injuries among elite female players. The American Journal of Sports Medicine, 19(4), 372-375.

Faude, O.; Junge, A.; Kindermann, W., & Dvorak, J. (2005). Injuries in Female Soccer Players: A Prospective Study in the German National League. The American Journal of Sports Medicine, 33(11), 1694-1700.

Fuller, C. W.; Ekstrand, J.; Junge, A.; Andersen, T. E.; Bahr, R.; Dvorak, J.; Hägglund, M.; McCrory, P., & Meeuwisse, W. H. (2006). Consensus statement on injury definitions and data collection procedures in studies of football (soccer) injuries. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports, 16(2), 83-92.

Gil-López, M. I.; García-Hurtado, M., y Hernández-García, R. (2018). Valoración funcional básica del judoka: Un estudio piloto. Revista de Artes Marciales Asiáticas (RAMA), 1, 20-22.

Hägglund, M.; Waldén, M., & Ekstrand, J. (2009). Injuries among male and female elite football players. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports, 19(6), 819-827.

Hägglund, M.; Waldén, M., & Ekstrand, J. (2016). Injury recurrence is lower at the highest professional football level than at national and amateur levels: Does sports medicine and sports physiotherapy deliver? British Journal of Sports Medicine, 50(12), 751-758.

Hall, R.; Foss, K. B.; Hewett, T. E., & Myer, G. D. (2015). Sport Specialization's Association With an Increased Risk of Developing Anterior Knee Pain in Adolescent Female Athletes. Journal of Sport Rehabilitation, 24(1), 31-35.

Hernández-García, R.; Martínez-Pozo, D., y Sánchez-Muñoz, B. (2016). Selección de Test para una valoración funcional básica, Una propuesta de Zeebra Academy. IX Congreso Internacional de la Asociación Española de Ciencias del Deporte. Libro de Actas, 377-378.

Hernández-García, R.; Rodríguez-Díaz, L.; Molina-Torres, G., y Torres-Luque, G. (2018). Efectos de un programa de actividad física con el método pilates sobre la funcionalidad de mujeres embarazadas. Estudio piloto. Revista Iberoamericana de Ciencias de la Actividad Física y el Deporte, 7(2), 40-52.

Hernández-García, R.; Toledo, D.; Fernández-García, I., y Torres-Luque, G. (2019). Valoración del perfil funcional en atletas de CrossFit. Estudio Piloto. Acciónmotriz, 23, 100-108.

Hides, J. A.; Oostenbroek, T.; Franettovich-Smith, M. M., & Dilani-Mendis, M. (2016). The effect of low back pain on trunk muscle size/function and hip strength in elite football (soccer) players. Journal of Sports Sciences, 34(24), 2303-2311.

Huang, Y. L.; Jung, J.; Mulligan, C. M. S.; Oh, J., & Norcross, M. F. (2019). A Majority of Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries Can Be Prevented by Injury Prevention Programs: A Systematic Review of Randomized Controlled Trials and Cluster-Randomized Controlled Trials With Meta-analysis. The American Journal of Sports Medicine, 363546519870175.

Jacobson, I., & Tegner, Y. (2007). Injuries among Swedish female elite football players: A prospective population study. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports, 17(1), 84-91.

Kiesel, K.; Plisky, P. J., & Voight, M. L. (2007). Can Serious Injury in Professional Football be Predicted by a Preseason Functional Movement Screen? North American Journal of Sports Physical Therapy: NAJSPT, 2(3), 147-158.

Kolodziej, M., & Jaitner, T. (2018). Single Functional Movement Screen items as main predictors of injury risk in amateur male soccer players. German Journal of Exercise and Sport Research, 48.

Kraus, K.; Doyscher, R., & Schütz, E. (2015). Methodological Item Analysis of the Functional Movement Screen. Deutsche Zeitschrift für Sportmedizin, 66, 263-268.

Kritz, M.; Cronin, J., & Hume, P. (2009). The Bodyweight Squat: A Movement Screen for the Squat Pattern. Strength & Conditioning Journal, 31, 76-85.

Landis, S. E.; Baker, R. T., & Seegmiller, J. G. (2018). Non-Contact Anterior Cruciate Ligament and Lower Extremity Injury Risk Prediction Using Functional Movement Screen and Knee Abduction Moment: An Epidemiological Observation of Female Intercollegiate Athletes. International journal of sports physical therapy, 13(6), 973-984.

Li, Y.; Wang, X.; Chen, X., & Dai, B. (2015). Exploratory factor analysis of the functional movement screen in elite athletes. Journal of sports sciences, 33, 1166-1172.

Lisman, P.; Nadelen, M.; Hildebrand, E.; Leppert, K., & de la Motte, S. (2018). Functional movement screen and Y-Balance test scores across levels of American football players. Biology of Sport, 35(3), 253-260.

Lockie, R.; Schultz, A.; Callaghan, S.; Jordan, C.; Luczo, T., & Jeffriess, M. (2015). A preliminary investigation into the relationship between functional movement screen scores and athletic physical performance in female team sport athletes. Biology of Sport, 32(1), 41-51.

Maffulli, N.; Longo, U. G.; Gougoulias, N.; Loppini, M., & Denaro, V. (2010). Long-term health outcomes of youth sports injuries. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 44(1), 21-25.

Malliaras, P.; Cook, J. L., & Kent, P. (2006). Reduced ankle dorsiflexion range may increase the risk of patellar tendon injury among volleyball players. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 9(4), 304-309.

Mehl, J.; Diermeier, T.; Herbst, E.; Imhoff, A. B.; Stoffels, T.; Zantop, T.; Petersen, W., & Achtnich, A. (2018). Evidence-based concepts for prevention of knee and ACL injuries. 2017 guidelines of the ligament committee of the German Knee Society (DKG). Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery, 138(1), 51-61.

Moran, R. W.; Schneiders, A. G.; Mason, J., & Sullivan, S. J. (2017). Do Functional Movement Screen (FMS) composite scores predict subsequent injury? A systematic review with meta-analysis. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 51(23), 1661-1669.

Morris, K.; Simon, J. E.; Grooms, D. R.; Starkey, C.; Dompier, T. P., & Kerr, Z. Y. (2017). The Epidemiology of Overuse Conditions in Youth Football and High School Football Players. Journal of Athletic Training, 52(10), 976-981.

Moseid, C. H.; Myklebust, G.; Fagerland, M. W.; Clarsen, B., & Bahr, R. (2018). The prevalence and severity of health problems in youth elite sports: A 6-month prospective cohort study of 320 athletes. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports, 28(4), 1412-1423.

Myer, G. D.; Brent, J. L.; Ford, K. R., & Hewett, T. E. (2008). A pilot study to determine the effect of trunk and hip focused neuromuscular training on hip and knee isokinetic strength. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 42(7), 614-619.

Myers, T. W. (2015). Vías anatómicas. Meridianos miofasciales para terapeutas manuales y del movimiento (3rd ed.). Elsevier.

Myklebust, G.; Engebretsen, L.; Braekken, I. H.; Skjølberg, A.; Olsen, O. E., & Bahr, R. (2003). Prevention of anterior cruciate ligament injuries in female team handball players: A prospective intervention study over three seasons. Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine, 13(2), 71-78.

Nadler, S. F.; Malanga, G. A.; Feinberg, J. H.; Prybicien, M.; Stitik, T. P., & DePrince, M. (2001). Relationship Between Hip Muscle Imbalance and Occurrence of Low Back Pain in Collegiate Athletes: A Prospective Study. American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation, 80(8), 572-577.

Nessler, T. (2013). Using Movement Assessment to Improve Performance and Reduce Injury Risk. International Journal of Athletic Therapy and Training, 18, 8-12.

Pasulka, J.; Jayanthi, N.; McCann, A.; Dugas, L. R., & LaBella, C. (2017). Specialization patterns across various youth sports and relationship to injury risk. The Physician and Sportsmedicine, 45(3), 344-352.

Romero-Moraleda, B.; Cuéllar, Á.; González, J.; Bastida, N.; Echarri, E.; Gallardo, J., y Paredes, V. (2017). Revisión de los factores de riesgo y los programas de prevención de la lesión del ligamento cruzado anterior en fútbol femenino: Propuesta de prevención. RICYDE. Revista Internacional de Ciencias del Deporte, 13(48).

Sainz de Baranda, P.; Cejudo, A.; Ayala, F., y Santonja, F. (2015). Perfil óptimo de flexibilidad del miembro inferior en jugadoras de fútbol sala. Revista Internacional de Medicina y Ciencias de la Actividad Física y el Deporte, 15(60), 647-662.

Sainz de Baranda, P.; Cejudo, A.; Ayala, F., y Santonja, F. (2015). Perfil de flexibilidad de la extremidad inferior en jugadoras senior de fútbol sala. Revista Española de Educación Física y Deportes, 0(409), 35-48.

Sainz de Baranda, P.; Rodríguez-Iniesta, M.; Ayala, F.; Santonja, F., & Cejudo, A. (2014). Determination of the criterion-related validity of hip joint angle test for estimating hamstring flexibility using a contemporary statistical approach. Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine, 24(4), 320-325.

Santonja, F. (1996). Las desviaciones sagitales del raquis y su relación con la práctica deportiva. En Escolar: Medicina y Deporte. Ferrer, V., Martínez, L. and Santonja, F. (Eds.) (pp. 251-268). Diputación Provincial de Albacete.

Santonja, F., y Pastor, A. (2003). Cortedad isquiosural y actitud cifótica lumbar. Selección, 12(3), 150-154.

Sayer, T. A.; Hinman, R. S.; Fortin, K.; Paterson, K. L.; Bennell, K. L.; Timmi, A.; Pivonka, P., & Bryant, A. L. (2018). Differences in Hip and Knee Running Moments across Female Pubertal Development. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 50(5), 1015-1020.

Schiff, M. A.; Mack, C. D.; Polissar, N. L.; Levy, M. R.; Dow, S. P., & O'Kane, J. W. (2010). Soccer Injuries in Female Youth Players: Comparison of Injury Surveillance by Certified Athletic Trainers and Internet. Journal of Athletic Training, 45(3), 238-242.

Shin, S. H.; Kang, S. R.; Kwon, T. K., & Yu, C. (2017). A study on trunk muscle activation patterns according to tilt angle during whole body tilts. Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine, 25(1), 73-81.

Sigurðsson, H. B.; Sveinsson, Þ., & Briem, K. (2018). Timing, not magnitude, of force may explain sex-dependent risk of ACL injury. Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA, 26(8), 2424-2429.

Silvers, H. J.; Giza, E., & Mandelbaum, B. R. (2005). Anterior cruciate ligament tear prevention in the female athlete. Current Sports Medicine Reports, 4(6), 341-343.

Smith, P. D., & Hanlon, M. P. (2017). Assessing the Effectiveness of the Functional Movement Screen in Predicting Noncontact Injury Rates in Soccer Players. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 31(12), 3327-3332.

Soligard, T.; Myklebust, G.; Steffen, K.; Holme, I.; Silvers, H.; Bizzini, M.; Junge, A.; Dvorak, J.; Bahr, R., & Andersen, T. E. (2008). Comprehensive warm-up programme to prevent injuries in young female footballers: Cluster randomised controlled trial. BMJ (Clinical Research Ed.), 337, a2469.

Sousa, A. S. P.; Leite, J.; Costa, B., & Santos, R. (2017). Bilateral Proprioceptive Evaluation in Individuals With Unilateral Chronic Ankle Instability. Journal of Athletic Training, 52(4), 360-367.

Stradijot, F.; Pittorru, G. M., & Pinna, M. (2012). The functional evaluation of lower limb symmetry in a group of young elite judo and wrestling athletes. Isokinetics and Exercise Science, 20(1), 13-16.

Tegnander, A.; Olsen, O. E.; Moholdt, T. T.; Engebretsen, L., & Bahr, R. (2008). Injuries in Norwegian female elite soccer: A prospective one-season cohort study. Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy, 16(2), 194-198.

Tomczak, M., & Tomczak, E. (2014). The need to report effect size estimates revisited. An overview of some recommended measures of effect size. Trends in Sport Sciences, 1(21).

Troule, S., & Casamichana, D. (2016). Aplicación de pruebas funcionales para la detección de asimetrías en jugadores de fútbol. Journal of sport and health research, 8(1), 53-64.

Vidal-Barbier, M.; Vidal-Almiñana, T.; Almela, M., y Vidal-Almiñana, M. (2011). El acortamiento de los isquiosurales. Apunts. Educación Física y Deportes, 3(105), 44-50.

Wild, C. Y.; Steele, J. R., & Munro, B. J. (2012). Why Do Girls Sustain More Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries Than Boys? Sports Medicine, 42(9), 733-749.

Wilkerson, G. B.; Giles, J. L., & Seibel, D. K. (2012). Prediction of core and lower extremity strains and sprains in collegiate football players: A preliminary study. Journal of Athletic Training, 47(3), 264-272.

Palabras clave/key words

lesión; evaluación; fútbol femenino; calidad de movimiento; movement pattern; injury, Basic Functional Assessment; women's football; movement quality.

Texto completo/Full Text:


------------------------ 0 -------------------------

RICYDE. Revista Internacional de Ciencias del Deporte
Publisher: Ramón Cantó Alcaraz
ISSN:1885-3137 - Periodicidad Trimestral / Quarterly
Creative Commons License