El impacto de la reducción del estrés en la hipertensión esencial y las enfermedades cardiovasculares. (Impact of stress reduction on essential hypertension and cardiovascular disease).

Vernon A. Barnes, David W. Orme-Johnson


Se ha considerado que el estrés contribuye a la patogénesis y la progresión de las enfermedades cardiovasculares (ECV).  Se ha demostrado que la reducción del estrés mediante la Meditación Trascendental [Transcendental Meditation (TM)®] ha bajado los niveles de presión arterial (PA) y reducido el riesgo de ECV en adultos y adolescentes.  Este artículo repasa los resultados que sugieren el impacto beneficioso de la TM en reducir la PA en adultos hipertensos en reposo y en adolescentes pre-hipertensos en reposo, durante un estrés agudo creado en el laboratorio y durante la actividad diaria normal.  Dichos resultados tienen implicaciones importantes para la inclusión de la TM en los esfuerzos que se realizan para prevenir y tratar las ECV y sus consecuencias clínicas.

Palabras clave/key words: adolescentes | hipertensión | reducción del estrés | revisión | meditación trascendental | adolescents | hypertension | stress reduction | review | transcendental meditation


Stress has been thought to contribute to the pathogenesis and progression of cardiovascular diseases (CVD).  Stress reduction via Trasncendental Meditation (TM)® has been shown to lower blood pressure (BP) levels and reduce CVD risk in adults and adolescents.  This article reviews findings suggesting a beneficial BP-lowering impact of TM in hypertensive adults at rest and in pre-hypertensive adolescents at rest, during acute laboratory stress and during normal daily activity.  These findings have important implications for inclusion of TM efforts to prevent and treat cardiovascular diseases and their clinical consequences.


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Palabras clave/key words

adolescentes; hipertensión; reducción del estrés; revisión; meditación trascendental; adolescents; hypertension; stress reduction; review; transcendental meditation

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RICYDE. Revista Internacional de Ciencias del Deporte

Publisher: Ramón Cantó Alcaraz
ISSN:1885-3137 - Periodicidad Trimestral / Quarterly
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