Analysis of congested schedule on competition external load in field hockey. [Análisis de la carga externa de competición en un periodo de congestión en hockey hierba].

Blanca Romero-Moraleda, Esther Morencos-Martínez, Lorena Torres-Ronda, David Casamichana

Resumen


Abstract

This study aimed to investigate the variation in players’ physical demands profile during a major national men field hockey tournament which consisted of 3 matches on consecutive days. Ten Spanish National League hockey players participated in the study (age: 24.2 ± 2.6 years; body mass: 74.2 ± 5.7 kg; height 176.8 ± 5.1 cm). Participants´ physical demands were monitored using global positioning system devices (SPI Elite, GPSports). Activity was categorized into total distance (m), relative total distance (m·min-1), low speed running (LSR; <15.0 km·h-1 m·min-1); moderate speed running (MSR; 15.1-18.9 km·h-1 m·min-1), high speed running (HSR; >19 km·h-1 m·min-1), sprinting relative to minute played (SR; >23.0 km·h-1 m·min-1) and number of sprints (SN; >23.0 km·h-1/ n/min). The number of acceleration and deceleration efforts were analyzed using intensity thresholds (low: 1-1.9 m·s-2 n·min-1; moderate: 2-2.9 m·s-2 n·min-1; high: >3 m·s-2 n·min-1). The data were analyzed using one-way repeated measures ANOVA coupled with magnitude-based inferences. Players reduced distance covered at moderate- and high-speed running, sprints relative minute played and the number of moderate accelerations, and moderate and high decelerations per minute played in the third match compared to the first match. The results of this investigation show that intensity activity were the most affected variables with congestion schedule.

Resumen

El objetivo del presente estudio fue analizar el perfil de variación de las demandas físicas durante un torneo en hockey hierba, consistente en 3 partidos en días consecutivos. Díez jugadores de la liga nacional de hockey hierba participaron en el estudio (edad: 24.2 ± 2.6 años; peso: 74.2 ± 5.7 kg; altura 176.8 ± 5.1 cm). Las demandas físicas de los participantes en la competición fueron monitorizadas a través de los sistemas de posicionamiento global (SPI Elite, GPSports). La actividad fue categorizada en: distancia total (m), distancia total relativa (m·min-1), distancia a baja intensidad (LSR; <15.0 km·h-1 m·min-1); distancia a intensidad moderada (MSR; 15.1-18.9 km·h-1 m·min-1), distancia a alta intensidad (HSR; >19 km·h-1 m·min-1) y esprín relativo a minuto jugado ( NS >23.0 km·h-1/min m·min-1). El número de aceleraciones y desaceleraciones fue analizado basado en umbrales de intensidad (bajo: 1-1.9 m·s-2 n·min-1; moderado: 2-2.9 m·s-2 n·min-1; alto: >3 m·s-2 n·min-1). Las comparaciones de medias se realizaron mediante medidas repetidas (ANOVA-un factor) junto con inferencias basadas en magnitudes. Los jugadores recorrieron menos distancia a moderada y alta intensidad en el tercer partido respecto al primer partido. También realizaron menos esprines por minuto, así como aceleraciones de intensidad moderada y deceleraciones de moderada y alta intensidad entre dichos partidos. Los resultados de esta investigación sugieren que las actividades de alta intensidad son las variables más afectadas en una situación de alta densidad competitiva.

https://doi.org/10.5232/ricyde2020.06003

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Palabras clave/key words


External load; load management; physical demands; tournament; fatigue; carga externa, demanda física, control de la carga, torneo, fatiga.

Texto completo/Full Text:

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RICYDE. Revista Internacional de Ciencias del Deporte
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Publisher: Ramón Cantó Alcaraz
ISSN:1885-3137 - Periodicidad Trimestral / Quarterly
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