Game phases performance in men’s volleyball: from initial to top-level categories. [Rendimiento de las fases de juego en voleibol masculino: desde la iniciación hasta las categorías de alto rendimiento].

Antonio Garcia de Alcaraz, Enrique Ortega, José Manuel Palao



This study aimed to analyze the evolution of the game phases performance and the way of scoring points throughout different age groups and levels of competition in male volleyball. The sample was 53,320 game phases performed in 299 sets from five competition categories (national under-14, national under-16, national under-19, senior national and senior international). An observational design was used. The variables were: competition category, game phase performance, and way that points were scored. The higher the category, the higher the points in attack and side-out phase (from 48.37% -U14- to 69.61% -senior international-) and the lower points by the serving team (from 51.63% -U14- to 30.39% -senior international-). The opponent errors decreased as move to higher categories. The greater differences were observed between initial stages (under-14, under-16, and under-19) and senior categories. The cause of these results is related to the increase of the points scored by the attack in the side-out phase. The contributions of the different actions change through the developmental process from initial to top-level categories. This information may be useful to understand the technical-tactical training progression and to evaluate the long term athlete development of male volleyball players.


Este estudio trató de analizar la evolución del rendimiento de las fases de juego y la forma de puntuar a lo largo de diferentes grupos de edad y niveles de competición en voleibol masculino. La muestra fue de 53.320 fases de juego realizadas en 299 sets en cinco categorías de competición (nacional sub-14, nacional sub-16, nacional sub-19, senior nacional y senior internacional). Se empleó un diseño observacional. Las variables fueron: categoría de competición, rendimiento de la fase de juego, y forma de puntuar. A mayor categoría de competición, se registraron más puntos de ataque y salida de recepción (desde 48.37% -sub-14- hasta 69.61% -senior internacional-), y menos puntos para el equipo sacador (from 51.63% - sub-14- to 30.39% -senior internacional-). Los errores del oponente disminuyeron conforme se avanzó a categorías superiores. Las mayores diferencias se observaron entre las categorías iniciales (sub-14, sub-16, y sub-19) y las categorías senior. La causa de estos resultados se relaciona con el incremento de puntos anotados en ataque y en la fase de salida de recepción. La contribución de las diferentes acciones de juego varía a lo largo del proceso de desarrollo que hay entre las etapas de iniciación y las categorías de máximo nivel. Esta información podría ser de utilidad para comprender la progresión en el entrenamiento técnico-táctico y para evaluar el desarrollo del deportista a largo plazo en jugadores de voleibol masculino.


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Palabras clave/key words

team sports; performance; match analysis; player development; deportes de equipo; rendimiento; análisis del juego; desarrollo del jugador.

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RICYDE. Revista Internacional de Ciencias del Deporte

Publisher: Ramón Cantó Alcaraz
ISSN:1885-3137 - Periodicidad Trimestral / Quarterly
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