Profile of body composition and cardiorespiratory fitness in brazilian aeronauts. (Perfil de la composición corporal y del condicionamiento cardiorrespiratorio en aeronautas militares brasileños).

Valéria Sales do Valle, Ana Cristina Lopes, Glória Barreto, Ângelo Marcelo Belas Coutinho, Bernardo Noel Gonçalves, Estélio Henrique Martin Dantas



The objective of this study was to verify the profile of body composition and cardiorespiratory fitness in brazilian military aeronauts, correlating them. The sample include 1550 aviators of the masculine sex (31,82 ± 9,70 years). The individuals were divided and classified in normal group (GN), overweight (GOW) and obesity (GOB). It was realized an anthropometric and cardiorespiratory fitness evaluation. The Pearson correlation test was used to investigate the mean correlation, but significative (r=-0,44; p=0,01), suggesting a relation of dependency between the variables VO2máx and BMI. The total sample was classified as a good cardiorrespiratoy fitness showing a mean value (41,15 ± 7,54 The sample presented mean values of BMI (25,29 ± 3,39 kg.m-2) and WC (0,87 ± 0,06 cm) and showed a light overweight classification with moderate risks to the health. These results suggest for the aeronauts group, that independent of cardiorespiratory fitness, only regular exercise not seems enough to prevent the weight excess.

Key words/palabras clave: cardiorespiratory fitness | anthropometric evaluation | aeronauts | aptitud cardiorespiratoria | evaluacion antropometrica | aeronautas


El objetivo de este estudio fue verificar el perfil de la composición corporal y del nivel de condición cardiorrespiratoria en aeronautas brasileños, correlacionándoles. Participaron en el estudio 1550 aviadores de sexo masculino (31,82 ± 9,70 años). La muestra fue dividida en tres grupos: Grupo Normal (GN), Sobrepeso (GOW) y Obesidad (GOB). Fue realizada una evaluación antropométrica y una evaluación de la aptitud cardiorrespiratoria. También se realizó la prueba de Kolmogorov- Smirnov para determinar la normalidad de la muestra y se utilizó la Correlación de Pearson para verificar la relación, entre las variables VO2máx e IMC (r=-0,44; p=0,01). Se evidenció que la mayoría de los aeronautas presentaban una buena aptitud física (41,15 ± 7,54 La muestra total analizada presentó valores medios de IMC (25,29 ± 3,39 kg.m-2) y CA (0,87 ± 0,06 cm) permitiendo clasificarla con grado de obesidad leve teniendo riesgos para la salud. Estos resultados sugieren que el grupo de aeronautas, independientemente del nivel de condición cardiorrespiratoria, solamente con ejercicio regular no fue suficiente para prevenir el exceso de peso.




Adams, S. & Ananian, C.A.D.& Duvbose, K.D. & Kirtland, K.A. & Ainsworth,B.E. (2003). Physical activity levels among overweigth and obese adults in South Caroline. Southern Medical Journal, v. 96 .6, p. 539 – 543.

Ardern, C. I. & Janssen I.& Ross R. & Katzmarzyk P. (2004). Development os Health-Related Waist Circunference Threshold Within BMI Categories. Obesity Research. Vol 12, nº 7. July.

Grant, S. & Corbett, K. & Amjad, A.M. & Wilson, J. & Aitchison, T. (1995). A Comparison of Methods of Predicting Maximun Oxygen Uptake. Br. J Sports Med, Vol. 29, p.p. 147 – 152.
PMid:8800845    PMCid:1332303

Grund, A & Krauser, H. & Kraus, M, & Siewers, M. (2001). Association between different attributes of physical activity and fat mass in untrained, endurance and resistance-trained men. Eur J Appl Physiol. 84:310-320.

Hepple, R.T. (2000) Skeletal Muscle: Microcircurlatory Adaptation to Metabolic Demand. Med Sci Sports Exercise, v. 32, n.1, p. 117 – 123.

Jackson, A.S. & Pollock, M.L. (1978). Generalized equations for predicting body density of men. British Journal of Nutrition, 40: 497-504.

James, P. T.& Leach, R. & Kalamara E. & Shayeghi M. (2001) The Worldwide Obesity Epidemic. OBESITY RESEARCH Vol. 9 Suppl. 4 p. 228-233. November.

Lima, A.M.J. & Silva, D.V. & Souza, A.O.S., (2005). Correlação entre as medidas diretas e indiretas de VO2máx em atletas de futsal. Revista brasileira de medicina do esporte. V.11 n.3; maio.

Moro, C. & Fabien, P. & Glisezinski, I.T. I. & Riviere, D. & Stich, V. & Lafontan, M., & Crampes, F. & Berlan, M. (2005). Training enhances ANP lipi-mobilizing action in adipose tissue os overweight men. Medicine & Science in Sports Exercise. P 1126-1132.

Voleck, J. & Vanheest, J.L. & Sorsythe, C.T. (2005). Diet and exercise for weight loss. Sport Medicine. V.35 p.1-9.

Wang, J & Thornton, JC & Bari, S, et al (2003). Comparisons of waist circumferences measured at 4 sites Am J Clin Nutr. 77,379-384.

Willett, WC & Dietz, WH, & Colditz GA. Guidelines for healthy weight (1999). N Engl J Med.341:427–34.

Wilson, PW & D’Agostino, RB & Sullivan, L & Parise, H & Kannel, WB. (2002). Overweight and obesity as determinants of cardiovascular risk: the Framingham experience. Arch Intern Med.162:1867- 1872.

Zhu, S & Wang, Z & Heshka, S & Heo, M & Faith, MS & Heymsfield, SB.(2002). Waist circumference and obesity-associated risk factors among whites in the third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey: clinical action thresholds. Am J Clin Nutr.76:743- 749.


Palabras clave/key words

cardiorespiratory fitness; anthropometric evaluation; aeronauts; aptitud cardiorespiratoria; evaluacion antropometrica; aeronautas

Texto completo/Full Text:


------------------------ 0 -------------------------

RICYDE. Revista Internacional de Ciencias del Deporte

Publisher: Ramón Cantó Alcaraz
ISSN:1885-3137 - Periodicidad Trimestral / Quarterly
Creative Commons License