Differences in Grand Slam competition statistics between professional and U-18 players according to the sex. [Diferencias en las estadísticas de competición de Grand Slam entre jugadores profesionales y Sub-18 según el género].

Angel Iván Fernández-Garcia, Jose Maria Gimenez-Egido, Gema Torres-Luque



The aim of the study was to determine the differences in competition statistics between professional and under-18 (U-18) players by sex. A total of 546 official matches of Grand Slam were selected (268 male and 278 female). The data was obtained from the official website of the tournaments. Different variables related to match time, serve, return and winners-unforced errors were analysed. Descriptive analysis and a Mann-Whitney U test to analyse the differences between professional players and U-18 players were performed. Likewise, to estimate which variables obtained the greatest significant differences was conducted a discriminant analysis.  ATP players played longer sets and matches, had a better serve performance and hitting more winners than U-18 male players. Junior male players increased their return effectivity and hit fewer unforced errors than ATP players (p< 0.001). WTA players hit less double faults, had a better percentage of first serve-in and hit more winners than U-18 female players. Junior female hit less unforced errors than WTA players (p< 0.001). Moreover, the key differences between professional and junior players both males and females were the number of winners and unforced errors per set. Further, the match time and aces hitting were key factors that differentiated ATP players from U-18 male players. These data would be help coaches to design junior’s trainings programs, improving their performance based on key professional stage factors.


El propósito de este estudio fue determinar las diferencias en las estadísticas de competición entre jugadores profesionales y sub-18 en tenis masculino y femenino. Se registraron un total de 546 partidos correspondientes a Grand Slam (268 masculinos y 278 femeninos). Todos los datos se obtuvieron de las páginas webs oficiales de los torneos. Se analizaron variables relacionadas con la duración del partido, servicio, resto y los golpes ganadores y errores no forzados. Se llevó a cabo un análisis descriptivo y una prueba Mann Whitney U para examinar las diferencias entre categorías, mientras que se realizó un análisis discriminante para encontrar las variables que principalmente diferencian a ambas categorías según el género. Los jugadores profesionales disputaron partidos y sets de mayor duración, además de obtener un mejor rendimiento en las variables de servicio y conseguir más golpes ganadores, mientras que los jugadores Sub-18 consiguieron más efectividad al resto y cometieron menos errores no forzados que los jugadores profesionales (p<0.001). Por su parte, las jugadoras profesionales cometieron menos dobles faltas, pusieron en juego un mayor porcentaje de primeros servicios y consiguieron más golpes ganadores, mientras que las Sub-18 cometieron menos errores no forzados (p<0.001). Sin embargo, las variables que más diferencian a ambas categorías fueron los golpes ganadores y errores no forzados por set en ambos géneros, además de la duración de los partidos y saques directos en categoría masculina. Estos datos ayudarán a los entrenadores a mejorar los programas de entrenamiento, guiando el desarrollo de jugadores Sub-18 hacia el profesionalismo.



Alfermann, D., & Stambulova, N. (2012). Career Transitions and Career Termination. In Handbook of Sport Psychology: Third Edition (pp. 712–733).

Berry, M. J. (2002). A Step-by-Step Guide to SPSS for Sport and Exercise Studies. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 34(1), 183-188.

Blanca-Torres, J. C.; Fernández-García, A. I., & Torres-Luque, G. (2019). Influence of the category and gender in temporary variables in the individual elite tennis. Journal of Sport and Health Research, 11(1), 69–78. 

Bonato, M.; Maggioni, M. A.; Rossi, C.; Rampichini, S.; La Torre, A., & Merati, G. (2015). Relationship between anthropometric or functional characteristics and maximal serve velocity in professional tennis players. Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness, 55(10), 1157–1165.

Brown, E., & O’Donoghue, P. (2008). Gender and Surface Effect on Elite Tennis Strategy. Coaching & Sport Science Review, 46, 9–11.

Celda, M. C., & Dualde, C. C. (2017). La carrera dual en el tenis: una alternativa necesaria para la formación completa del tenis. E-Coach-Revista Electrónica Del Técnico de Tenis, 25, 9.

Cross, R. (2014). Men’s tennis vs Women’s tennis. Coaching & Sport Science Review, 22(62), 3–5.

Cross, R., & Pollard, G. (2009). Grand Slam men’s singles tennis 1991-2009 Serve speeds and other related data. Coaching & Sport Science Review, 16(49), 8–10.

Cui, Y.; Gómez, M. A.; Gonçalves, B.; Liu, H., & Sampaio, J. (2017). Effects of experience and relative quality in tennis match performance during four Grand Slams. International Journal of Performance Analysis in Sport, 17(5), 783–801.

Cui, Y.; Gómez, M. A.; Gonçalves, B., & Sampaio, J. (2018). Performance profiles of professional female tennis players in grand slams. PLoS ONE, 13(7), 1–18.

Cui, Y.; Gómez, M. A.; Gonçalves, B., & Sampaio, J. (2019a). Clustering tennis players’ anthropometric and individual features helps to reveal performance fingerprints. European Journal of Sport Science, 19(8), 1032-1044.

Cui, Y.; Liu, H.; Liu, H., & Gómez, M. Á. (2019b). Data-driven analysis of point-by-point performance for male tennis player in Grand Slams. Motricidade, 15(1), 49–61.

Escudero-Tena, A.; Castrejon, A., & Ibáñez , S. J. (2020). Indicadores de rendimiento en los Grand Slams de tenis. JUMP, (2), 26-36.

Fernandez-Fernandez, J.; Sanz-Rivas, D.; Fernandez-Garcia, B., & Mendez-Villanueva, A. (2008). Match activity and physiological load during a clay-court tennis tournament in elite female players. Journal of Sports Sciences, 26(14), 1589–1595.

Fernandez-Fernandez, J.; Ulbricht, A., & Ferrauti, A. (2014). Fitness testing of tennis players: How valuable is it. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 48(SUPPL. 1).

Ferrando, M. G., & Goig, R. L. (2011). Ideal democrático y bienestar personal: encuesta sobre los hábitos deportivos en España 2010: CIS.

Filipcic, A.; Zecic, M.; Reid, M.; Crespo, M.; Panjan, A., & Nejc, S. (2015). Differences in performance indicators of elite tennis players in the period 1991– 2010. Journal of Physical Education and Sport, 15(4), 671–677.

Fitzpatrick, A.; Stone, J. A.; Choppin, S., & Kelley, J. (2019). A simple new method for identifying performance characteristics associated with success in elite tennis. International Journal of Sports Science and Coaching, 14(1), 43–50.

Gillet, E., & Leroy, D. (2009). A notational analysis of elite tennis serve and serve-return strategies on slow surface. Journal of Strength, 23(2), 532–539.

Giménez-Egido, J. M.; Ortega, E.; Verdu-conesa, I.; Cejudo, A., & Torres-luque, G. (2020). Using smart sensors to monitor physical activity and technical–tactical actions in junior tennis players. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17(3), 12–15.

Gomez-Ruano, M. (2017). The importance of notational analysis as an emergent research topic in sport sciences. RICYDE. Revista Inernacional de Ciencias del Deporte, 13(47), 1–4.

Grambow, R.; O’Shannessy, C.; Born, P.; Meffert, D., & Vogt, T. (2020). Serve efficiency development at wimbledon between 2002 and 2015: A longitudinal approach to impact tomorrow’s tennis practice. Human Movement, 21(1), 65–72.

Grosser, M., & Schonborn, R. (2002). Competitive Tennis for Young Players: the road to becoming a top player. Meyer and Meyer Sport.

Hizan, H.; Whipp, P., & Reid, M. (2011). Comparison of serve and serve return statistics of high performance male and female tennis players from different age-groups. International Journal of Performance Analysis in Sport, 11(2), 365–375.

Hizan, H.; Whipp, P., & Reid, M. (2015). Gender differences in the spatial distributions of the tennis serve. International Journal of Sports Science and Coaching, 10(1), 87–96.

Katić, R.; Milat, S.; Zagorac, N., & Durović, N. (2011). Impact of game elements on tennis match outcome in Wimbledon and Roland Garros 2009. Collegium Antropologicum, 35(2), 341–346.

Klaus, A.; Bradshaw, R.; Young, W.; O’Brien, B., & Zois, J. (2017). Success in national level junior tennis: Tactical perspectives. International Journal of Sports Science and Coaching, 12(5), 618–622.

Kolman, N.; Huijgen, B.; Kramer, T.; Elferink-Gemser, M., & Visscher, C. (2017). The Dutch technical-tactical tennis test (D4T) for talent identification and development: Psychometric characteristics. Journal of Human Kinetics55(1), 127-138.

Kolman, N. S.; Kramer, T.; Elferink-Gemser, M. T.; Huijgen, B. C., & Visscher, C. (2018). Technical and tactical skills related to performance levels in tennis: A systematic review. Journal of Sports Sciences, 37(1), 108-121.

Losada, J. L., & Manolov, R. (2015). The process of basic training, applied training, maintaining the performance of an observer. Quality & Quantity, 49(1), 339-347.
https://doi.org/10.1007/s11135-014- 9989-7

Martínez-Gallego, R.; Guzmán, J.F.; Crespo, M.; Ramón-Llin, J., & Vučković, G. (2019). Technical , tactical and movement analysis of men ’ s professional tennis on hard courts courts. The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness, 59(1), 50-56.

Martínez-Gallego, R.; Guzmán Luján, J.F.; James, N.; Pers, J.; Ramón-Llin, J., & Vuckovic, G. (2013). Movement characteristics of elite tennis players on hard courts with respect to the direction of ground strokes. Journal of Sports Science and Medicine, 12(2), 275–281.

Mendez-Villanueva, A.; Fernandez-Fernandez, J., & Bishop, D. (2007). Exercise-induced homeostatic perturbations provoked by singles tennis match play with reference to development of fatigue. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 41(11), 717–722.

Meylan, C. M. P.; Cronin, J. B.; Oliver, J.L.; Hopkins, W. G., & Contreras, B. (2014). The effect of maturation on adaptations to strength training and detraining in 11-15-year-olds. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports, 24(3), 156-164.

Munivrana, G.; Filipčić, A., & Filipčić, T. (2015). Relationship of speed, agility, neuromuscular power, and selected anthropometrical variables and performance results of male and female junior tennis players. Collegium Antropologicum, 39, 109–116.

Murray, N.P.; & Hunfalvay, M. (2017). A comparison of visual search strategies of elite and non-elite tennis players through cluster analysis. Journal of Sports Sciences, 35(3), 241–246.

Myburgh, G.K.; Cumming, S. P.; Coelho, E.; Silva, M.; Cooke, K., & Malina, R.M. (2016). Growth and maturity status of elite British junior tennis players. Journal of Sports Sciences, 34(20), 1957–1964.

O’Donoghue, G. P., & Brown, E. (2008). The Importance of Service in Grand Slam Singles Tennis. International Journal of Performance Analysis in Sport, 8(3), 70–78.

Reid, M.; Morgan, S., & Whiteside, D. (2016). Matchplay characteristics of Grand Slam tennis: implications for training and conditioning. Journal of Sports Sciences, 34(19), 1791–1798.

Sánchez-Muñoz, C.; Sanz, D., & Zabala, M. (2007). Anthropometric characteristics, body composition and somatotype of elite junior tennis players. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 41(11), 793–799.

Söğüt, M. (2019). Height- and surface-related variations in match-play outcomes and rankings in professional men’s tennis. German Journal of Exercise and Sport Research, 49(3), 332–338.

Söǧüt, M. (2017). A comparison of serve speed and motor coordination between elite and club level tennis players. Journal of Human Kinetics, 55(1), 171–176.

Stare, M., Žibrat, U., & Filipčič, A. (2015). Stroke effectivness in professional and junior tennis = Učinkovitost udarcev v profesionalnem in mladinskem tenisu. Kinesiologia Slovenica, 21(2), 39–50.

Varas Caro, I., & Gómez-Ruano, M. A. (2016). Análisis Notacional en Jugadores de Tenis de Élite En Función de las Variables Contextuales Notational Analysis of Elite Tennis Players in Contextual Variables. Kronos, 15(151), 1–12.

Vaverka, F., & Cernosek, M. (2013). Association between body height and serve speed in elite tennis players. Sports Biomechanics, 12(1), 30–37.

Vergauwen, L.; Madou, B., & Behets, D. (2004). Authentic evaluation of forehand groundstrokes in young low-to intermediate-level tennis players. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise36(12), 2099-2106.

Whiteside, D., & Reid, M. (2017). Spatial characteristics of professional tennis serves with implications for serving aces: A machine learning approach. Journal of Sports Sciences, 35(7), 648–654.

Palabras clave/key words

racket sport; performance analysis; coaching; notational analysis; strateg; deportes de raqueta; análisis del rendimiento; coaching; análisis del juego; estrategia.

Texto completo/Full Text:

PDF (English) PDF

------------------------ 0 -------------------------

RICYDE. Revista Internacional de Ciencias del Deporte

Publisher: Ramón Cantó Alcaraz
ISSN:1885-3137 - Periodicidad Trimestral / Quarterly
Creative Commons License