Relación de algunos correlatos biológicos y demográficos con la práctica físico-deportiva en estudiantes universitarios. El caso de la Universidad de Guadalajara, México. (Relationship between some biological and demographics factors with physical-sport practice in college students. A case study of Guadalajara University, Mexico).

Gabriel Flores Allende, Francisco Ruiz Juan, María Elena García Montes

Resumen


La práctica físico-deportiva de tiempo libre de los jóvenes universitarios, no se ajustan suficientemente a las recomendaciones de un estilo de vida activo que sea favorable para su salud. Los estudios coinciden que algunos correlatos biológicos y demográficos, asocian en la adherencia y continuidad de participación de los jóvenes, en el ejercicio físico y el deporte. Sugieren su identificación para desarrollar y facilitar eficaces intervenciones, con adecuados programas que fomenten la participación de los sujetos. Los estudiantes de Educación Superior de la Universidad de Guadalajara, México (n = 1.207), fueron seleccionados para llevar a cabo el estudio. Haciendo uso del cuestionario, se valoró que sectores de la población realizan práctica, los que habiendo sido activos han dejado de serlo, y los que nunca han participado en su tiempo libre. Entre los principales resultados, destacar que poco más de la mitad de los jóvenes son practicantes, siendo más probables los hombres respecto a las mujeres, siendo estas más factibles al abandono y no haber participado nunca en la práctica. Descartando asociaciones entre la actividad físico-deportiva con la edad, el sobrepeso-obesidad (IMC) y lesiones o días de enfermedad, en esta población. Resultando provechoso para evitar el fracaso en el diseño de programas y promover, los beneficios saludables que permite la actividad física y el deporte.

Palabras clave: factores biológicos y demográficos; práctica físico-deportiva; estudiantes universitarios.

Abstract

Leisure-time physical - sports practice of college students, does not adjust sufficiently to the recommendations of an active lifestyle that enhance their health. The studies coincide that some biological and demographic factors, associated in the adherence and continuity of participation of college students, in the physical exercise and the sport. They suggest their identification to develop and to facilitate effective interventions, with suitable programs that foment the participation of the subjects. College students of the University of Guadalajara, Mexico (n = 1.207), were selected to carry out the study. Using the questionnaire, there were valued the sectors of the population that realize practice, which having been active it have stopped being, and those who have never joined leisure time physical activity. Between the principal results, to emphasize that little more than the half of college students join leisure time physical activity, being more probable the men with regard to the women, being these more feasible to the retire and to never have taken part in the practice. Rejecting associations between the physical - sports activity with the age, the overweight-obesity (BMI) and injuries or days of disease, in this population. Turning out to be profitable to avoid the failure in the design of programs and to promote, the healthy benefits that the physical activity and the sport allows.

Key words: biological and demographic factors; university students; physical activity.

doi:10.5232/ricyde2009.01406

Texto completo en PDF

---------------------------------------------------------------------

Referencias/references

Biddle, S.; Gorey, T. y Stensel, D. (2004). Health-enhancing physical activity and sedentary behav-iour in children and adolescents. Journal of sports sciences, 22, 679-701.
doi:10.1080/02640410410001712412
PMid:15370482

Brown, J. D. y Siegel, J. M. (1988). Exercise as a buffer of life stress: a prospective study of ado-lescent health. Health psychology, 7, 341-353.
doi:10.1037/0278-6133.7.4.341
PMid:3168979

Carlson, S.; Hootman, J., Powell, K.; Macera, C.; Heath, G. W.; Gilchrist, J., et al. (2006). Self-reported injury and physical activity levels: United States 2000 to 2002. Annals of epidemiolo-gy, 16, 712-719.
doi:10.1016/j.annepidem.2006.01.002
PMid:16626971

Dishman, R. K.; Sallis, J. F. y Orenstein, D. R. (1985). The determinants of physical activity and exercise. Public health reports. 100, 158-171.
PMid:3920714    PMCid:1424729

Deforche, B.; Bourdeaudhuij, I. y Tanghe, A. (2006). Attitude toward physical activity in normal-weight, overweight and obese adolescents. Journal of adolescent health, 38, 560-568.
doi:10.1016/j.jadohealth.2005.01.015
PMid:16635768

Ho, S. (1987). Assessment of overweight and physical activity among adolescents and youths in Hong Kong. Public health, 101, 457-464.
doi:10.1016/S0033-3506(87)80009-4

Keating, X.; Guan, J.; Castro, J. y Bridges, D. (2005). A meta-analysis of college students physical activity behaviors. Journal of American college health. 54, 116-125.
doi:10.3200/JACH.54.2.116-126
PMid:16255324

Kelley, G. y Sharpe, K. (1994). Physical activity habits of african-american college students. Re-search quarterly for exercise and sport, 65, 207-212.
PMid:7973069

Kilpatrick, M.; Hebert, E. & Bartholomew, J. (2005). College students´ motivation for physical ac-tivity: Differentiating men’s and women’s motives for sport participation and exercise. Journal of American college health, 54, 87-94.
doi:10.3200/JACH.54.2.87-94
PMid:16255320

Léon, A.; Connett, J.; Jacobs, D. y Rauramaa, R. (1987). Leisure-time physical activity levels and risk of coronary heart disease and death. The multiple risk factor intervention trial. The Journal of the American Medical Association. 258, 2388-2395.
PMid:9973584

Leslie, E.; Owen, N.; Salmon, J.; Bauman, A.; Sallis, J. y Lo, S. K. (1999). Insufficiently active Australian college students: perceived personal, social, and environmental influences. Preven-tive medicine, 28, 20-27.
doi:10.1006/pmed.1998.0375

Leslie, E., Sparling, P. y Owen, N. (2001). University campus settings and the promotion of physi-cal activity in young adults: lessons from research in Australia and the USA. Health Education, 101, 116-125.
doi:10.1108/09654280110387880

Parks, Houseman, & Browson (2003) S.E. Parks, R.A. Houseman and R.C. Browson, Differential correlates of physical activity in urban and rural adults of various socioeconomic backgrounds in the United States. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 57, 29–35.
doi:10.1136/jech.57.1.29
PMid:7673584

Pate, R. R.; Pratt, M.; Blair, S. N.; Haskell, W. L.; Macera, C.; Bouchard, C. et al. (1995). Physical activity and public health -- A recommendation from the Centers for Disease Control and Pre-vention and the American Collage of Sports Medicine. JAMA, 273, 402-407.
PMid:15539045

Pinto, B. M. y Marcus, B. M. (1995). A stages of change approach to understanding college stu-dents physical activity. Journal of American College Health, 44, 27-31.
doi:10.1080/07448481.1995.9937506

Plotnikoff, R.; Mayhew, A.; Birkett, N.; Loucaides, C. y Fodor, G. (2004). Age, gender, and urban-rural differences in the correlates of physical activity. Preventive Medicine, 39, 1115-1125.
doi:10.1016/j.ypmed.2004.04.024

Pollock, M.; Gettman, L.; Milesis, C.; Bah, M.; Durstine, L. y Johnson, R. (1977). Effects of fre-quency and duration of training of attrition and incidence on injury. Medicine and science in sports and exercise, 9, 31-6.
doi:10.1249/00005768-197721000-00005

Pollock, M. L.; Gaesser, G. A.; Butcher, J. D.; Després, J. P.; Dishman, R. K.; Franklin, B.A. et al. (1998). ACSM Position Stand: The recommended quantity and quality of exercise for develop-ing and maintaining cardiorespiratory and muscular fitness, and flexibility in healthy adults. Medicine and science in sports and exercise, 30, 975-991.
doi:10.1097/00005768-199806000-00032

Sallis, J.; Hovell, M.; Hofstetter, R.; Elder, J.; Faucher, P.; Spry, V., et al. (1990). Lifetime history of relapse from exercise. Addictive Behaviors, 15, 573-579.
doi:10.1016/0306-4603(90)90059-7

Sallis, J.; Hovell, M. y Hofstetter, R. (1992). Predictors of adoption and maintenance of vigorous physical activity in men and women. Preventive Medicine, 21, 237-251.
doi:10.1016/0091-7435(92)90022-A

Sallis, J. (2000). Age-related decline in physical activity: A synthesis of human and animal studies. Medicine and science in sports and exercise, 32, 1598-1600.
doi:10.1097/00005768-200009000-00012

Sánchez Pérez, A.; García Domínguez, F.; Landabaso, V. y Nicolás Martínez, L. D. (1998). Partici-pación en actividad física de una muestra universitaria a partir del modelo de las etapas de cambio en el ejercicio físico: un estudio piloto. Revista de Psicología del Deporte, 7, 233-245.
PMid:9245681

Schmitz, K.; French, S. y Jeffery, R. (1997). Correlates of changes in leisure time physical activity over 2 years: The healthy worker project. Preventive Medicine, 26, 570-579.
doi:10.1006/pmed.1997.0178
PMid:11817924

Schmitz, K.; Lytle, L.; Phillips, G.; Murray, D.; Birnbaum, A. y Kubik, M. (2002). Psychosocial cor-relates of physical activity and sedentary leisure habits in young adolescents: The teens eating for energy and nutrition at school study. Preventive Medicine, 34, 266-278.
doi:10.1006/pmed.2001.0982

Telama, R. y Yang, X. (2000). Decline pf physical activity from youth to young adulthood in Finland. Medicine and science in sports and exercise, 32, 1617-1622.
doi:10.1097/00005768-200009000-00015

Trost, S.G.; Owen, N.; Barman, A.E.; Sallis, J.F. y Brown, W. (2002). Correlates of adults’ partici-pation in physical activity: review and update. Medicine and science in sports and exercise, 34, 12, 1996–2001.
doi:10.1097/00005768-200212000-00020
PMid:15877687

Varo Cenarruzabeitia, J. J.; Martínez-González, M. A. y Martínez Hernández, J. A. (2003). Benefi-cios de la actividad física y riesgos del sedentarismo. Medicina Clínica, 121, 665-672.
doi:10.1157/13054307
PMid:3669210

Von Bothmer, M. y Fridlun, B. (2005). Gender differences in health habits and in motivation for a healthy among Swedish university students. Nursing and Health Sciences, 7, 107-118.
doi:10.1111/j.1442-2018.2005.00227.x
PMid:7823386

---------------------------------------------------------------------



Palabras clave/key words


factores biológicos y demográficos; práctica físico-deportiva; estudiantes universitarios; biological and demographic factors; university students; physical activity.

Texto completo/Full Text:

PDF




------------------------ 0 -------------------------

RICYDE. Revista Internacional de Ciencias del Deporte
logopublisher_168
Publisher: Ramón Cantó Alcaraz
ISSN:1885-3137 - Periodicidad Trimestral / Quarterly
Creative Commons License