Escala de Percepción de Promoción del Bienestar para Entrenadores (EPPBE): Análisis inicial de sus propiedades psicométricas y validez. (Perception of Well-being Promotion for Coaches’ Scale (EPPBE): Initial analysis of psychometrics properties and validity).

José Francisco Guzmán Luján, Ángel García Ferriol

Resumen


Este estudio analizó las propiedades psicométricas de la Escala de Percepción de Promoción del Bienestar para Entrenadores (EPPBE), compuesta por 6 dimensiones: Autocontrol, castigo, apoyo social, apoyo a la autonomía, apoyo a la competencia y apoyo a la afiliación. Se administró la escala a 506 entrenadores y se realizó un análisis factorial confirmatorio. La validez nomológica se analizó a través de las relaciones de las variables con la satisfacción de necesidades básicas y la motivación autodeterminada. El modelo mostró un ajuste adecuado a los datos. El castigo percibido no correlacionó con el resto de variables de la escala, que sí mostraron correlaciones positivas entre ellas, hasta el punto de que el apoyo a la competencia y autonomía fueron escasamente diferenciadas, mostrando una correlación muy alta. Se verificaron relaciones positivas de todas las variables, excepto el castigo, con la satisfacción de necesidades y la motivación autodeterminada, siendo negativa solo en el caso del castigo. El castigo solo se relacionó negativamente con la motivación autodeterminada. Estas relaciones apoyaron los postulados de la Teoría de la Autodeterminación y los estudios realizados en atletas. Como conclusión, la escala EPPBE mostró propiedades psicométricas y validez adecuadas para utilizarla como instrumento de medida.

Palabras clave: bienestar psicológico; necesidades básicas; autodeterminación; validez.
 

Abstract

This study analysed the psychometric properties of the Perception of Well-being Promotion for Coaches’ Scale (EPPBE), which was composed by 6 dimensions: Self-control, punishment, social support, autonomy support, competence support, and relatedness support. The scale was administered to a sample of 506 coaches and a Confirmatory Factorial Analysis was performed. Nomologic validity was analysed by the relationships with psychological need satisfaction and self-determined motivation. The model showed an adequate adjustment to the data. Punishment did not correlate with the other variables, which where positively related between them, competence and autonomy support showing a very high correlation. All dimensions with the exception of perceived punishment were positively related with need satisfaction and self-determined motivation. Punishment only was negatively related with self-determined motivation. Reported relationships supported postulates of Self-determination Theory and studies performed with athletes. As conclusion, the scale EPPBE showed good psychometric properties and adequate validity to be used as measurement tool.

Key words: psychological well-being; basic needs; self-determination; validity.

doi:10.5232/ricyde2011.02605

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Palabras clave/key words


bienestar psicológico; necesidades básicas; autodeterminación; validez; psychological well-being; basic needs; self-determination; validity.

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RICYDE. Revista Internacional de Ciencias del Deporte
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Publisher: Ramón Cantó Alcaraz
ISSN:1885-3137 - Periodicidad Trimestral / Quarterly
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