Utilización de la limitación de contactos en el entrenamiento en fútbol: ¿afecta a las demandas físicas y fisiológicas? [Use of limiting the number of touches of the ball in soccer training: Does it affect the physical and physiological demands?].

David Casamichana, Jaime San Román-Quintana, Julio Calleja-González, Julen Castellano

Resumen


El objetivo de esta investigación fue examinar la influencia del número de contactos permitidos por posesión individual en las demandas físicas y fisiológicas durante situaciones de juegos reducidos (JR) de 6 vs. 6 + 2 comodines donde el objetivo fue mantener la posesión de balón, alterándose únicamente el número de contactos autorizados por posesión (1 contacto, 2 contactos y contactos libres). Catorce jugadores semiprofesionales de fútbol (edad: 23.1 ± 4.5 años; altura: 176.9 ± 3.3 cm; peso: 73.4 ± 5.2 kg) fueron monitorizados con dispositivos GPS a 10 Hz y bandas de frecuencia cardiaca. Se registraron las siguientes variables: frecuencia cardiaca media y máxima, distancia total recorrida, distancia recorrida en diferentes rangos de velocidad, player load, velocidad máxima, ratio trabajo:descanso y número de aceleraciones. Los resultados mostraron que la variable número de contactos afecta a las demandas fisiológicas y físicas. Específicamente, mayores valores cardiacos fueron observados durante los JR realizados a dos contactos máximo con respecto a contactos libres, mientras que un mayor número de aceleraciones de intensidad baja fueron estimadas para el formato de 2 contactos en comparación al contacto libre. No se observaron diferencias significativas para el resto de variables estudiadas. Estos resultados proporcionan información a los entrenadores para entender cómo la modificación de diferentes variables en los JR afecta a las demandas físicas y fisiológicas de los jugadores y, por tanto, atender a ellas para modular su intensidad en función de los objetivos de entrenamiento.

Abstract 

The aim of this investigation was to examine the influence of the number of contacts allowed by individual possession in the physical and physiological demands during situations of small-sided games (SSG) 6 vs. 6 + 2 floaters where the aim was to support the ball possession, there being altered only the number of authorized contacts by possession (1 contact, 2 contacts and free contacts). Fourteen semiprofessional soccer players (age: 23.1 ± 4.5 years; height: 176.9 ± 3.3 cm; I weight: 73.4 ± 5.2 kg) were monitored by GPS devices (10 Hz) and bands of heart rate. The following variables were registered: heart rate average and maximum heart rate, distance, covered distance at different ranges of speed, player load, maximum speed, ratio work: rest and number of accelerations. The results showed that variable number of contacts concerns the physiological and physical demands. Specifically, major heart rate responses were observed during the SSG realized to two contacts maximum with regard to free contacts, whereas a major number of low intensity accelerations were estimated for the format of two contacts in comparison to the free contact. Significant differences were not observed for the rest of studied variables. These results provide information to the coaches to understand how the modification of different variables in the SSG concerns the physical and physiological demands of the players and, therefore, to attend to them to modulate his intensity depending on the aims of training.

http://dx.doi.org/10.5232/ricyde2013.03301

---------------------------------------------------------------------

Referencias/references

Bangsbo, J.; Iaia, F. M., & Krustrup, P. (2008). The Yo-Yo Intermittent Recovery Test: A Useful Tool for Evaluation of Physical Performance in Intermittent Sports. Sports Medicine, 38(1), 37-51.
http://dx.doi.org/10.2165/00007256-200838010-00004
PMid:18081366 

Bangsbo, J.; Mohr, M., & Krustrup, P. (2006). Physical and metabolic demands of training and match-play in the elite football player. Journal of Sports Sciences, 24(7), 665-674.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02640410500482529
PMid:16766496

Boyd, L. J.; Ball, K., & Aughey, R. J. (2011). The reliability of MinimaxX accelerometers for measuring physical activity in Australian football. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, 6(3), 311-321.
PMid:21911857

Brandes, M.; Heitmann, A., & Müller, L. (2011). Physical Responses of Different Small-Sided Game Formats in Elite Youth Soccer Players. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 26(5), 1353-1360.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e318231ab99
PMid:22126974

Casamichana, D., & Castellano, J. (2010). Time-motion, heart rate, perceptual and motor behaviour demands in small-sides soccer games: Effects of pitch size. Journal of Sports Sciences, 28(14), 1615-1623.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2010.521168
PMid:21077005

Casamichana, D.; Castellano, J., & Castagna, C. (2012). Comparing the physical demands of friendly matches and small-sided games in semiprofessional soccer players. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 26(3), 837-843.
PMid:22310516

Casamichana, D.; Castellano, J.; González-Morán, A.; García-Cueto, H., y García-López, J. (2011). Demanda fisiológica en juegos reducidos de fútbol con diferente orientación del espacio. RICYDE. Revista Internacional de Ciencias del Deporte, 23(7), 141-154.
http://dx.doi.org/10.5232/ricyde2011.02306

Chamari, K.; Hachana, Y.; Kaouech, F.; Jeddi, R.; Moussa-Chamari, I., & Wisloff, U. (2005). Endurance training and testing with the ball in young elite soccer players. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 39(1), 24-28.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bjsm.2003.009985
PMid:15618335 PMCid:1725014

Cunniffe, B.; Proctor, W.; Baker, J., & Davis, B. (2009). An evaluation of the physiological demands of elite rugby union using global positioning system tracking software. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 23(4), 1195-1203.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e3181a3928b
PMid:19528840

Dellal, A.; Chamari, K.; Owen, A. L.; Wong, D. P.; Lago-Pe-as, C., & Hill-Haas, S. (2011). Influence of technical instructions on the physiological and physical demands of small-sided soccer games. European Journal of Sport Science, 11(5), 341-346.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17461391.2010.521584

Dellal, A.; Chamari, K.; Pintus, A.; Girard, O.; Cotte, T., & Keller, D. (2008). Heart rate responses during small-sided games and short intermittent running training in elite soccer players: a comparative study. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 22(5), 1449-1457.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e31817398c6
PMid:18714244 

Dellal, A.; Chamari, C.; Wong, D. P.; Ahmaidi, S.; Keller, D.; Barros, R.; Bisciotti, G. N., & Carling, C. (2011). Comparison of physical and technical performance in European professional soccer match play: FA Premier League and La Liga. European Journal of Sport Science, 11(1), 51-59.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17461391.2010.481334

Dellal, A.; Hill-Haas, S.; Lago-Pe-as, C., & Chamari, K. (2011). Small-sided games in soccer: amateur vs. professional players' physiological responses, physical, and technical activities. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 25(9), 2371-2381.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e3181fb4296
PMid:21869625

Dellal, A.; Jannault, R.; López-Segovia, M., & Pialoux, V. (2011). Influence of the players numbers in the heart rate responses of youth soccer players within 2 vs. 2, 3 vs. 3 and 4 vs. 4 small-sided games. Journal of Human Kinetics, 28(2), 107-114.
PMid:23487546 PMCid:3592099

Dellal, A.; Lago-Pe-as, C.; Wong, D.P., & Chamari, K. (2011). Effect of the number of ball contact within bouts of 4 vs. 4 small-sided soccer games. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, 6(3), 322-333.
PMid:21911858

Di Salvo, V.; Baron, R.; Tschan, H.; Calderon-Montero, F.; Bachl, N., & Pigozzi, F. (2007). Performance Characteristics According to Playing Position in Elite Soccer. International Journal Sports Medicine, 28(3), 222-227.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-2006-924294
PMid:17024626

Di Salvo, W.; Gregson, W.; Atkinson, G.; Tordoff, P., & Drust, B. (2009). Analysis of high intensity activity in premier league soccer. International Journal of Sports Medicine, 30(3), 205-212.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0028-1105950
PMid:19214939

Drust, B.; Waterhouse, J.; Atkinson, G.; Edwards, B., & Reilly, T. (2005). Circadian rhythms in sports performance--an update. Chronobiology international, 22(1), 21-44, 2005.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1081/CBI-200041039
PMid:15865319

Espósito, F.; Impellizzeri, F. M.; Margonato, V.; Vanni, R.; Pizzini, G., & Veicsteinas, A. (2004). Validity of heart rate as an indicator of aerobic demand during soccer activities in amateur soccer players. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 93(1-2), 167-172.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00421-004-1192-4
PMid:15278357

Gabbet, T.; Jenkins, D., & Abernethy, B. (2010). Physiological and skill demands of 'onside'and 'off-side' games. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 24(11), 2979-2983.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e3181e72731
PMid:20938355

Gabbet, T. J., & Mulvey, M. (2008). Time-Motion analysis of small sided training games and competition in elite women soccer players. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 22(2), 543-552.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e3181635597
PMid:18550972

Hill-Haas, S.; Coutts, A.; Dawson, B., & Rowsell, G. (2010). Time-motion characteristics and physiological responses of small-sided games in elite youth players: the influence of player number and rule changes. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 24(8), 2149-2156.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e3181af5265
PMid:19834345

Hill-Haas, S.; Coutts, A.; Rowsell, G., & Dawson, B. (2009). Generic versus small-sided game training in soccer. International Journal of Sports Medicine, 30(3), 636-642.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0029-1220730
PMid:19569006

Hill-Haas, S.; Dawson, B.; Coutts, A., & Rowsell, G. (2009). Physiological responses and time-motion characteristics of various small-sided soccer games in youth players. Journal of Sports Sciences, 27(1), 1-8.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02640410802206857
PMid:18989820

Hill-Haas, S.; Dawson, B.; Impellizzeri, F. M., & Coutts, A. (2011). Physiology of small sided games training in football. A systematic review. Sports Medicine 41(3), 199-200.
http://dx.doi.org/10.2165/11539740-000000000-00000
PMid:21395363

Hill-Haas, S.; Rowsell, G.; Dawson, B., & Coutts, A. (2009). Acute physiological responses and time-motion characteristics of two small-sided training regimens in youth soccer players. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 23(1), 111-115.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e31818efc1a
PMid:19130642

Impellizzeri, F.; Marcora, S. M.; Castagna, C.; Reilly, T.; Sassi, A.; Iaia, F., & Rampinini, E. (2006). Physiological and performance effects of generic versus specific aerobic training in soccer players. International Journal of Sports Medicine, 27(6), 483-492.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-2005-865839
PMid:16767613

Köklü, Y.; Aşçi, A.; Koçak, F. U.; Alemdaroğlu, U., & Dündar, U. (2011). Comparison of the physiological responses to different small-sided games in elite young soccer players. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 25(6), 1522-1528.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e3181e06ee1
PMid:21399538

Little, T., & Williams, G. (2007). Measures of exercise intensity during soccer training drills with professional soccer players. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 21(2), 367-371.
PMid:17530957

Montgomery, P. G.; Pyne, D. B., & Minahan, C. L. (2010). The physical and physiological demands of basketball training and competition. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, 5(1), 75-86
PMid:20308698

Rampinini, E.; Impellizzeri, F. M.; Castagna, C.; Abt, G.; Chamari, K.; Sassi, A., & Marcora, S. M. (2007). Factors influencing physiological responses to small-sided soccer games. Journal of Sports Sciences, 25(6), 659-666.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02640410600811858
PMid:17454533

Varley, M. C.; Fairweather, I. H., & Aughey, R. J. (2012). Validity and reliability of GPS for measuring instantaneous velocity during acceleration, deceleration, and constant motion. Journal of Sports Science, 30(2), 121-127.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2011.627941
PMid:22122431

-------------------------------------------------------------------


Palabras clave/key words


fútbol; juegos reducidos; análisis de movimiento; dispositivos GPS; número de contactos al balón; soccer; small-sided games; time-motion; GPS device; heart rate; number of ball contacts.

Texto completo/Full Text:

PDF




------------------------ 0 -------------------------

RICYDE. Revista Internacional de Ciencias del Deporte
logopublisher_168
Publisher: Ramón Cantó Alcaraz
ISSN:1885-3137 - Periodicidad Trimestral / Quarterly
Creative Commons License