Variación de la testosterona y el cortisol en relación al estado de ánimo en jugadores de baloncesto de élite. [Variation in testosterone and cortisol with relation to mood state in professional basketball players].

Xavi Schelling, Julio Calleja-González, Nicolás Terrados

Resumen


Objetivo: Diferentes trabajos constatan que el perfil hormonal varía de forma específica en función del tipo de ejercicio y de su magnitud. El estado emocional se ha estudiado mediante diferentes herramientas en relación a la carga de entrenamiento, probablemente la más empleada sea el cuestionario POMS (‘Profile of mood states’). La presente investigación estudia la respuesta de la testosterona total (TT), el cortisol (C) y la ratio testosterona total-cortisol (RTTC) en relación al estado emocional (sub-escalas del POMS) en un equipo profesional de baloncesto a lo largo de una temporada deportiva. Procedimiento: Se tomaron 7 muestras de sangre, cada 4-6 semanas, a las 8:00-9:00 AM, en ayunas y tras 24-36 horas de recuperación post-partido, en un equipo profesional de baloncesto de la 1ª división española (n=10; 26.0 ± 4.6 años; 90.9 ± 9.7 kg; 195.7 ± 8.4 cm; 23.7 ± 1.2 IMC; 13.1 ± 2.2% graso). Resultados: Se obtiene un aumento significativo de la TT y el C en septiembre -2ª extracción- comparado con agosto -1ª extracción- (TT: +2.8 nMol•L-1, p=0.030; C: +0.093 µMol•L-1, p=0.040). No se observan cambios significativos en ninguna de las sub-escalas del POMS y en el análisis correlacional entre sub-escalas y TT, C y RTTC no se obtienen relaciones destacables. Conclusiones: No se encuentra grandes relaciones (r>0.7) entre las variables hormonales estudiadas y las sub-escalas del cuestionario POMS. Consideramos el POMS una herramienta poco adecuada para evaluar el estado de recuperación del deportista, pero muy válida para controlar el nivel de estrés emocional.

Abstract

Aim: Different studies find that hormonal profile specifically varies depending on the type of exercise and its magnitude. Mood state has been studied using different tools in relation to training load, the most used one is POMS (Profile of Mood States) questionnaire. This research studies the response of total testosterone (TT), cortisol (C) and total testosterone-to-cortisol ratio (RTTC) in relation to mood state (POMS subscales) in a professional basketball team during a season. Methods: Blood samples were taken every 4-6 weeks (7 samples), at 8:00-9:00 AM, in fasting state and after 24 to 36 hours post-game, on a professional basketball team of the Spanish 1st Division (n=10; 26.0 ± 4.6 years; 90.9 ± 9.7 kg; 195.7 ± 8.4 cm; BMI 23.7 ± 1.2; 13.1 ± 2.2% fat). Results: We obtained a significant increase in TT and C in september -2nd sample- compared to august -1st sample- (TT: +2.8 nMol•L-1, p=0.030; C: +0.093 µMol•L-1, p=0.040). No significant changes were observed in any of the POMS subscales, and in the correlation between subscales analysis, and no correlation coefficient greater than 0.7 was obtained among subscales and hormonal variables. Conclusions: No relationship was found between the studied hormonal variables and the POMS subscales. We consider the POMS questionnaire an inadequate tool to evaluate the athletes recovery state, but a really good one to control the psychological stress level.

http://dx.doi.org/10.5232/ricyde2013.03404

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Palabras clave/key words


hormonas; estado emocional; baloncesto; elite; hormones; basketball elite; mood state; performance.

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RICYDE. Revista Internacional de Ciencias del Deporte
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