Hearing and sports: a bidirectional interaction. [Audición y Control motor: Una relación recíproca].

Johannes Vogel



Motor control is crucially dependent on many sensory inputs that involve classically the proprioreceptors located in the tendons, joints and the muscle itself as well as inputs from the vestibular organ and eyes (Fitzpatrick and McCloskey, 1994). However, additional sensory input from the auditory system is often necessary to perform the sport-associated complex motor-tasks. This holds not only for team sports that requires continuous communication with the other players but also for others such as figure skating or gymnastics where the movements of the body need to be coordinated with music. In addition, hearing is also important for avoiding accidents e.g. during skiing to recognize other people on the same track. Conversely, specific sports wear used in these sports may negatively influence hearing as it was shown for ski helmets that reduce perception of safety-relevant frequencies (Ruedl, Kopp, Burtscher, Zorowka, Weichbold, Stephan, Koci and Seebacher, 2014; Tudor, Ruzic, Bencic, Sestan and Bonifacic, 2010). Moreover, the reaction time and force generated during voluntary contractions could be influenced by sound. For instance, runners closer to the starter's pistol at Olympic Games react sooner than runners farther away (Brown, Kenwell, Maraj and Collins, 2008). Finally, hearing could even influence the overall physical fitness as it might be reduced in deaf children (Hartman, Visscher and Houwen, 2007) although other studies could not confirm (Wierzbicka-Damska, Samolyk, Jethon, Wiercinska and Murawska-Cialowicz, 2005). In the elderly, sensory deficits such as poor vision and hearing may increase the risk of mobility decline (Viljanen, Kaprio, Pyykko, Sorri, Koskenvuo and Rantanen, 2009a; Viljanen, Kaprio, Pyykko, Sorri, Pajala, Kauppinen, Koskenvuo and Rantanen, 2009b).

(Full text / Leer más)


Brown, A.M; Kenwell, Z.R.; Maraj, B.K. & Collins, D.F. (2008). "Go" signal intensity influences the sprint start. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 40(6): 1142-1148.                      

Clark, W.W. (1991). Noise exposure from leisure activities: a review. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 90(1): 175-181.

Evans, B.; Gervais, J.T.; Heard, K.; Valley, M., & Lowenstein, S.R. (2009). Ski patrollers: reluctant role models for helmet use. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 16(1): 9-14.

Feeny, D.; Huguet, N.; McFarland, B.H.; Kaplan, M.S.; Orpana, H., & Eckstrom, E. (2012). Hearing, mobility, and pain predict mortality: a longitudinal population-based study. Journal of Clinical Epidemiology, 65(7): 764-777.

Fitzpatrick, R., & McCloskey, D.I. (1994). Proprioceptive, visual and vestibular thresholds for the perception of sway during standing in humans. The Journal of Physiology, 478 ( Pt 1)173-186.

Flamme, G.A.; Stewart, M.; Meinke, D.; Lankford, J., & Rasmussen, P. (2011). Auditory risk to unprotected bystanders exposed to firearm noise. Journal of the American Academy of Audiology, 22(2): 93-103.

Flamme, G.A., & Williams, N. (2013). Sports officials' hearing status: whistle use as a factor contributing to hearing trouble. Journal of the American Academy of Audiology, 10(1): 1-10.

Glorioso, J.E., Jr., Batts, K.B., & Ward, W.S. (1999). Military free fall training injuries. Military medicine, 164(7): 526-530.

Hartman, E.; Visscher, C., & Houwen, S. (2007). The effect of age on physical fitness of deaf elementary school children. Pediatric exercise science, 19(3): 267-278.

Hodkinson, P.D. (2011). Acute exposure to altitude. Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps, 157(1): 85-91.

Hutchinson, K.M.; Alessio, H., & Baiduc, R.R. (2010). Association between cardiovascular health and hearing function: pure-tone and distortion product otoacoustic emission measures. American Journal of Audiology, 19(1): 26-35.

Kieran, S.M.; Dunne, J.; Hughes, J.P., & Fenton, J.E. (2008). The effect of head protection on the hearing of rugby players. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 42(9): 779-780.

Lawton, B.W. (2001). A Noise exposure threshold value for hearing conservation, Vol. 01/52. Brussels: CONCAWE report.

Lynch, J.H., & Deaton, T.G. (2014). Barotrauma with extreme pressures in sport: from scuba to skydiving. Current Sports Medicine Reports, 13(2): 107-112.

Neitzel, R.; Seixas, N.; Goldman, B., & Daniell, W. (2004). Contributions of non-occupational activities to total noise exposure of construction workers. The Annals of Occupational Hygiene, 48(5): 463-473.

Ramma, L. (2011). Vuvuzela media coverage during the 2010 FIFA soccer world cup tournament: impact on raising awareness of noise-induced hearing loss. Noise Health, 13(55): 415-422.

Ramma, L.; Petersen, L., & Singh, S. (2011). Vuvuzelas at South African soccer matches: risks for spectators' hearing. Noise Health, 13(50): 71-75.

Ruedl, G.; Kopp, M.; Burtscher, M.; Zorowka, P.; Weichbold, V.; Stephan, K.; Koci, V., & Seebacher, J. (2014). Effect of Wearing a Ski Helmet on Perception and Localization of Sounds. International Journal of Sports Medicine. (Epub ahead of print).

Tudor, A.; Ruzic, L.; Bencic, I.; Sestan, B., & Bonifacic, M. (2010). Ski helmets could attenuate the sounds of danger. Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine, 20(3): 173-178.

Viljanen, A.; Kaprio, J.; Pyykko, I.,; Sorri, M.; Koskenvuo, M., & Rantanen, T. (2009a). Hearing acuity as a predictor of walking difficulties in older women. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 57(12): 2282-2286.

Viljanen, A.; Kaprio, J.; Pyykko, I.; Sorri, M.; Pajala, S.; Kauppinen, M.; Koskenvuo, M., & Rantanen, T. (2009b). Hearing as a predictor of falls and postural balance in older female twins. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 64(2): 312-317.

Wierzbicka-Damska, I.; Samolyk, A.; Jethon, Z.; Wiercinska, J., & Murawska-Cialowicz, E. (2005). Physical efficiency of 10-16-year-old boys with hearing impairment. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 50 Suppl 1167-169.


Palabras clave/key words

noise-induced hearing loss; barotrauma; sports.

Texto completo/Full Text:

PDF (English) PDF

------------------------ 0 -------------------------

RICYDE. Revista Internacional de Ciencias del Deporte

Publisher: Ramón Cantó Alcaraz
ISSN:1885-3137 - Periodicidad Trimestral / Quarterly
Creative Commons License