Perfeccionismo, afectividad y satisfacción con la vida en educación física. [Perfectionism, affectivity and life satisfaction in physical education].

Antonio Méndez-Giménez, José-Antonio Cecchini-Estrada, Javier Fernández-Río

Resumen


El perfeccionismo en la adolescencia ha sido asociado a altos niveles de desajuste y trastorno psicológico y bajos niveles de bienestar subjetivo y ajuste psicológico. Pero, no todas las dimensiones del perfeccionismo son insanas y desadaptativas. Mediante un análisis path se exploró un modelo para determinar cómo son las relaciones entre las dimensiones del perfeccionismo (autoexigencia y presión externa), la afectividad (positiva y negativa) y la satisfacción con la vida, en el contexto de la educación física. Participaron 388 estudiantes de 1º a 4º de Secundaria (222 varones y 166 mujeres; M = 14.24 ± 1.45 años). La autoexigencia predijo de manera positiva y directa la satisfacción con la vida; el afecto positivo también medió esta relación. La presión externa predijo directa y negativamente la satisfacción con la vida, cuya relación fue también mediada por el afecto negativo. Los resultados confirman una dimensión saludable de perfeccionismo (autoexigencia) y otra no saludable (presión externa) en la adolescencia. 

Abstract

Perfectionism during adolescence has been associated to high levels of psychological unbalance and distress, and low levels of subjective wellness and psychological adjustment. However, not all dimensions of perfectionism are negative and maladaptive. A path analysis was used to explore a model to determine the relations between two dimensions of perfectionism (Self-imposed and External pressures), affectivity (positive and negative) and life satisfaction in physical education. 388 1st to 4th secondary students (222 males and 166 females; M = 14.24 ± 1.45 years) agreed to participate. Self-imposed positively predicted life satisfaction, while positive affect mediated this effect. External pressures negatively predicted life satisfaction and negative affect mediated this effect. Results confirm a healthy dimension of perfectionism (self-imposed), and an unhealthy dimension (external pressures) in adolescence. 

http://dx.doi.org/10.5232/ricyde2015.04107

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Palabras clave/key words


bienestar; calidad de vida; salud mental; afectividad; wellness; quality of life; mental health; affectivity.

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RICYDE. Revista Internacional de Ciencias del Deporte
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Publisher: Ramón Cantó Alcaraz
ISSN:1885-3137 - Periodicidad Trimestral / Quarterly
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