Differences in U14 football players’ performance between different small-sided conditioned games. [Diferencias en el rendimiento de los jugadores de fútbol sub14 entre los diferentes variantes y condiciones en juegos con espacios reducidos].

Filipe Manuel Clemente, Del P. Wong, Fernando Manuel Lourenço Martins, Rui Mendes


The aim of this study was to determine the effects of different formats and task conditions in small-sided conditioned games (SSCG) on young soccer players’ heart rate responses and time-motion profiles. Ten young male soccer players (age: 14.6 ± 0.8 years old; and years of practice: 4 ± 1.2) from a regional league were tested. Each player played in two different formats namely 1 versus 1 with another 1 neutral player (i.e., 1v1+1) and 2 versus 2 with another 1 neutral player (i.e., 2v2+1), and three task conditions (T1 – no goal, T2 – no goal but endline, T3 – goal. Each SSCG lasted for 3 minutes with 3 minutes of passive recovery between SSCG. The heart rate responses, distance coverage, speed and acceleration were recorded throughout all SSCG. Results show that the format (F(4,5403) = 509.025; p-value = 0.001;  = 0.274; Power = 1.000; moderate effect size) and task conditions (F(8,10808) = 33.714; p-value = 0.001; = 0.024; Power = 1.000; small effect size) were both significant factors on performance variables. The different formats and task conditions used in this study enable coaches to carry out a more specific training, helping them to understand the real effects of each variable on players’ performance.


El objetivo de este estudio fue determinar los efectos de diferentes variantes y condiciones en juegos con espacios reducidos (SSCG) en relación a las respuestas de frecuencia cardíaca en jóvenes jugadores de fútbol y los perfiles de tiempo-movimiento. Se analizaron diez jóvenes jugadores de fútbol de sexo masculino (edad: 14,6 ± 0,8 años; años de práctica: 4 ± 1,2). Los jugadores participaban en una liga de nivel regional. Cada jugador participó en dos juegos reducidos diferentes, 1 contra 1 con 1 jugador-comodín (es decir, 1v1+1), 2 contra 2 con 1 jugador-comodín (2v2+1), y tres condiciones en la tarea (T1: sin objetivo, T2: sin portería, pero hay que atravesar una línea final, T3: con portería). Cada SSCG tuvo una duración de 3 minutos con 3 minutos de recuperación pasiva entre SSCG. Las respuestas de la frecuencia cardiaca, la distancia recorrida, la velocidad y la aceleración se registraron a lo largo de todos los SSCG. Los resultados muestran que el tipo de juego (F(4,5403) = 509,025; p-value = 0,001;  = 0,274; Power = 1.000; con un tamaño del efecto moderado) y las tareas analizadas (F(8,10808) = 33.714; p-value = 0.001; = 0,024; Power = 1,000; con un tamaño del efecto pequeño) fueron factores significativos en las variables de rendimiento. Los diferentes juegos reducidos y las condiciones de las tareas utilizadas en este estudio permiten a los entrenadores diseñar entrenamientos más específicos, ayudándoles a comprender los efectos reales de cada variable sobre el rendimiento de los jugadores.




Aguiar, M.; Botelho, G.; Lago, C.; Maças, V., & Sampaio, J. (2012). A Review on the Effects of Soccer Small-Sided Games. Journal of Human Kinetics, 33, 103-113.

Allen, J. D.; Butterfly, R.; Welsh, M. A., & Wood, R. (1998). The physical and physiological value of 5-a-side soccer training to 11-a-side match play. Journal of Human Movement Studies, 34, 1-11.

Aroso, J.; Rebelo A. N., & Gomes-Pereira, J. (2004). Physiological impact of selected game-related exercises. Journal of Sports Sciences, 22, 522.

Bangsbo, J.; NØrregaard, L., & ThorsØ, F. (1991). Activity profile of competition football. Canadian Journal of Sports Science, 16, 110-116.

Casamichana, D. G.; Castellano, J. P.; González, A. M.; García, H. C., y García-López, J. (2011). Demanda fisiológica en juegos reducidos de fútbol con diferente orientación del espacio. RICYDE. Revista Internacional de Ciencias del Deporte, 7(23), 141-154.

Casamichana, D., & Castellano, J. (2010). Time-motion, heart rate, perceptual and motor behaviour demands in small-sides soccer games: Effects of field size. Journal of Sports Sciences, 12(1), 93-102.

Castellano, J.; Casamichana, D., & Dellal, A. (2013). Influence of game format and number of players on heart rate responses and physical demands in small-sided soccer games. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Journal, 27(5), 1295-1303.

Chow, J. Y.; Davids, K.; Button, C.; Shuttleworth, R.; Renshaw, I., & Araújo, D. (2006). Nonlinear pedagogy: A constraints-led framework to understand emergence of game play and skills. Nonlinear Dynamics, Psychology and Life Sciences, 10(1), 71-104.

Clemente, F.; Couceiro, M.; Martins, F. M., & Mendes, R. (2012). The usefulness of small-sided games on soccer training. Journal of Physical Education and Sport, 12(1), 93-102.

Clemente, F. M.; Wong, D. P.; Martins, F. M. L., & Mendes, R. S. (2014). Acute effects of the number of players and scoring method on physiological, physical, and technical performance in small-sided soccer games. Research in Sports Medicine, 22, 380-397.

Costa, I. T.; Garganta, J.; Greco, P. J.; Mesquita, I., & Seabra, A. (2010). Influence of Relative Age Effects and Quality of Tactical Behaviour in the Performance of Youth Football Players. International Journal of Performance Analysis in Sport, 10(2), 82-97.

Davids, K.; Araújo, D., & Shuttleworth, R. (2005). Applications of Dynamical Systems Theory to Football. Em T. Reilly, J. Cabri, & D. Araújo, Science and Football V (pp. 556-569). Oxon: Routledge Taylor & Francis Group.

Dellal, A.; Chamari, K.; Pintus, A.; Girard, O.; Cotte, T., & Keller, D. (2008). Heart rate responses during small-sided games and short intermittent running training in elite soccer players: a comparative study. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 22, 1449-1457.

Dellal, A.; Haas, S.; Lago-Penas, C., & Chamari, K. (2011). Small-sided games in soccer: amateur vs. professional players' physiological responses, physical and technical activities. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 25(9), 2371-2381.

Dellal, A.; Lago-Penas, C.; Wong, D. P., & Chamari, K. (2011). Effect of the number of ball contacts within bouts of 4 vs. 4 small-sided soccer games. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, 6, 322-333.

Duarte, R.; Araújo, D.; Fernandes, O.; Travassos, B.; Folgado, H.; Diniz, A., & Davids, K. (2010). Effects of Different Practice Task Constraints on Fluctuations of Player Heart Rate in Small-Sided Football Games. The Open Sports Sciences Journal, 3, 13-15.

Gamelin, F. X.; Berthoin, S., & Bosquet, L. (2006). Validity of the polar S810 heart rate monitor to measure RR intervals at rest. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 38(5), 887-893.

Gaudino, P.; Alberti, G., & Iaia, F. M. (2014). Estimated metabolic and mechanical demands during differnt small-sided games in elite soccer players. Human Movement Science, 36, 123-133.

Haas, S. V.; Dawson, B. T.; Coutts, A. J., & Rowsell, G. J. (2009). Physiological responses and time-motion characteristics of various small-sided soccer games in youth players. Journal of Sports Sciences, 27(1), 1-8. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02640410802206857

Haas, S. V.; Dawson, B.; Impellizzeri, F. M., & Coutts, A. J. (2011). Physiology of Small-Sided Games Training in Football: A Systematic Review. Sports Medicine, 41(3), 199-220.

Janssen, P. (2001). Lactate threshold training. Champaing, IL: Human Kinetics.

Jones, S., & Drust, B. (2007). Physiological and technical demands of 4 v 4 and 8 v 8 games in elite youth soccer players. Kinesiology, 39(2), 150-156.

Köklü, Y. (2012). A Comparison Of Physiological Responses To Various Intermittent And Continuous Small-Sided Games In Young Soccer Players. Journal of Human Kinetics, 31, 89-96.

Köklü, Y.; Asçi, A.; Koçak, F. Ü.; Alemdaroglu, U., & Dündar, U. (2011). Comparison of the physiological responses to different small-sided games in elite young soccer players. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 25(6), 1522-1528.

Lakens, D. (2013). Calculating and reporting effect sizes to facilitate cumulative science: a practical primer for t-tests and ANOVAs. Frontiers in psychology, 4, 863.

Little, T., & Williams, A. G. (2007). Measures of Exercise Intensity During Soccer Training Drills With Professional Soccer Players. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 21(2), 367-371.

Mallo, J., & Navarro, E. (2008). Physical load imposed on soccer players during small-sided training games. The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness, 48(2), 166-171.

Maroco, J. (2010). Análise Estatística com ultização do SPSS. Lisboa: Edições Silabo.

Mitchell, S. A.; Oslin, J. L., & Griffin, L. L. (2006). Teaching sport concepts and skills: A tactical games approach. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.

McGinnis, P. (2013). Biomechanics of sport and exercise. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.

Newell, K. M. (1986). Constraints on the development of coordination. Em M. G. Wade, & H. T. Whiting, Motor Development in children: Aspects of coordination and control (pp. 341-360). Boston: Martinus Nijhoff.

Owen, A. L.; Wong, D. P.; Paul, D., & Dellal, A. (2014). Physical and Technical Comparisons between Various-Sided Games within Professional Soccer. International Journal of Sports Medicine, 35(4), 286-292.

Owen, A.; Twist, C., & Ford, P. (2004). Small-sided games: the physiological and technical effect of altering field size and player numbers. Insight, 7(2), 50-53.

Pallant, J. (2011). SPSS Survival Manual: A Step by Step Guide to Data Analysis Using the SPSS Program. Australia: Allen & Unwin.

Rampinini, E.; Coutts, A. J.; Castagna, C.; Sassi, R., & Impellizzeri, F. M. (2007). Variation in top level football match performance. International Journal of Sports Medicine, 28, 1018-1024.

Romero, B.; Paredes, V.; Sancho, I., y Morencos, E. (2012). Demandas cinemáticas y de frecuencia cardiaca de los juegos de posesión 4x4 vs 7x7 en jugadores de fútbol profesionales. Futbolpf: Revista de Preparacion física en el Futbol, 4, 42-50.

Sassi, R.; Reilly, T., & Impellizzeri, F. M. (2004). A comparison of small-sided games and interval training in elite professional soccer players [abstract]. Journal of Sports Sciences, 22(6), 562.

Tan, C. W.; Chow, J. Y., & Davids, K. (2012). ‘How does TGfU work?’: examining the relationship between learning design in TGfU and a nonlinear pedagogy. Physical Education and Sport Pedagogy, 17(4), 331-348.

Williams, K., & Owen, A. (2007). The impact of player numbers on the physiological responses to small sided games. Journal of Sports Science & Medicine, Suppl 10, 99-102.


Palabras clave/key words

soccer; small-sided games; task constraints; performance.

Texto completo/Full Text:

PDF (English)

------------------------ 0 -------------------------

RICYDE. Revista Internacional de Ciencias del Deporte

Publisher: Ramón Cantó Alcaraz
ISSN:1885-3137 - Periodicidad Trimestral / Quarterly
Creative Commons License