Differences in U14 football players’ performance between different small-sided conditioned games. [Diferencias en el rendimiento de los jugadores de fútbol sub14 entre los diferentes variantes y condiciones en juegos con espacios reducidos].

Filipe Manuel Clemente, Del P. Wong, Fernando Manuel Lourenço Martins, Rui Mendes

Resumen


The aim of this study was to determine the effects of different formats and task conditions in small-sided conditioned games (SSCG) on young soccer players’ heart rate responses and time-motion profiles. Ten young male soccer players (age: 14.6 ± 0.8 years old; and years of practice: 4 ± 1.2) from a regional league were tested. Each player played in two different formats namely 1 versus 1 with another 1 neutral player (i.e., 1v1+1) and 2 versus 2 with another 1 neutral player (i.e., 2v2+1), and three task conditions (T1 – no goal, T2 – no goal but endline, T3 – goal. Each SSCG lasted for 3 minutes with 3 minutes of passive recovery between SSCG. The heart rate responses, distance coverage, speed and acceleration were recorded throughout all SSCG. Results show that the format (F(4,5403) = 509.025; p-value = 0.001;  = 0.274; Power = 1.000; moderate effect size) and task conditions (F(8,10808) = 33.714; p-value = 0.001; = 0.024; Power = 1.000; small effect size) were both significant factors on performance variables. The different formats and task conditions used in this study enable coaches to carry out a more specific training, helping them to understand the real effects of each variable on players’ performance.

Resumen

El objetivo de este estudio fue determinar los efectos de diferentes variantes y condiciones en juegos con espacios reducidos (SSCG) en relación a las respuestas de frecuencia cardíaca en jóvenes jugadores de fútbol y los perfiles de tiempo-movimiento. Se analizaron diez jóvenes jugadores de fútbol de sexo masculino (edad: 14,6 ± 0,8 años; años de práctica: 4 ± 1,2). Los jugadores participaban en una liga de nivel regional. Cada jugador participó en dos juegos reducidos diferentes, 1 contra 1 con 1 jugador-comodín (es decir, 1v1+1), 2 contra 2 con 1 jugador-comodín (2v2+1), y tres condiciones en la tarea (T1: sin objetivo, T2: sin portería, pero hay que atravesar una línea final, T3: con portería). Cada SSCG tuvo una duración de 3 minutos con 3 minutos de recuperación pasiva entre SSCG. Las respuestas de la frecuencia cardiaca, la distancia recorrida, la velocidad y la aceleración se registraron a lo largo de todos los SSCG. Los resultados muestran que el tipo de juego (F(4,5403) = 509,025; p-value = 0,001;  = 0,274; Power = 1.000; con un tamaño del efecto moderado) y las tareas analizadas (F(8,10808) = 33.714; p-value = 0.001; = 0,024; Power = 1,000; con un tamaño del efecto pequeño) fueron factores significativos en las variables de rendimiento. Los diferentes juegos reducidos y las condiciones de las tareas utilizadas en este estudio permiten a los entrenadores diseñar entrenamientos más específicos, ayudándoles a comprender los efectos reales de cada variable sobre el rendimiento de los jugadores.

http://dx.doi.org/10.5232/ricyde2015.04206

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Palabras clave/key words


soccer; small-sided games; task constraints; performance.

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RICYDE. Revista Internacional de Ciencias del Deporte
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