Propiedades psicométricas de la Escala de Motivación en el Deporte revisada (SMS-II) adaptada al español hablado en México. [Psychometric properties of the revised Sport Motivation Scale (SMS-II) adapted to the Spanish spoken in Mexico].

H. Antonio Pineda-Espejel, Edgar Alarcòn, Zaida López-Ruiz, Marina Trejo, Carlos Chávez


El objetivo de este estudio fue examinar las propiedades psicométricas (estructura factorial, fiabilidad, validez de constructo) de una versión en español hablado en México de la Escala de Motivación en el Deporte revisada (SMS-II) compuesta por 18 ítems que miden seis factores de regulación conductual planteados por la teoría de la autodeterminación, y probar un modelo que permitiese evaluar la motivación autónoma y la motivación controlada. Participaron 279 deportistas de alto rendimiento con una edad promedio de 23.15 años (DT = 5.58), quienes respondieron a una versión en español hablado en México de la SMS-II. Los resultados apoyaron el modelo de seis factores de primer orden (motivación intrínseca, regulación integrada, regulación identificada, regulación introyectada, regulación externa, y desmotivación) tras la eliminación de un ítem; y los datos de consistencia interna superaron o estuvieron al límite de los criterios de uso en cinco factores. Cuando las regulaciones motivacionales se combinaron para conformar un modelo trifactorial, dos de sus factores de segundo orden (motivación autónoma y motivación controlada) más un factor de primer orden (desmotivación), se soportó dicho modelo, y la consistencia interna de los factores fue adecuada. En conclusión se ofrece validez factorial y de constructo  de esta versión en español hablado en México de la Escala de Motivación en el Deporte revisada con la exclusión un ítem, y puede utilizarse para la medición de la motivación controlada y autónoma en el deporte de alto rendimiento, aunque se requiere de mayor estudio para mejorar el instrumento.


The aim of this study was to analyze the psychometric properties (factorial structure, reliability, construct validity) of a Mexican Spanish version of the revised Sport Motivation Scale (SMS-II), which is composed of 18 items that measure six factors of behavioral regulation. Such factors were suggested by the Self-determination Theory in order to prove a model that allows the assessment of Autonomous and Controlled Motivation. The study involved 279 high performance athletes with an average age of 23.15 years old (SD = 5.58), who answered the Mexican Spanish Version of the SMS-II. After eliminating one of the items, the results supported the six major factor model (intrinsic motivation, integrated regulation, identified regulation, introjected regulation, external regulation and amotivation); and the internal consistent data exceeded or were under the limit of the usage criteria in five of the factors. After the motivational regulations were combined in order to form a three-factor model, two of the minor factors (autonomous and controlled motivation) plus one major factor (amotivation), such model was supported and the internal consistency of the factors was appropriate. In conclusion, the Mexican Spanish version of the SMS-II offers factorial structure and construct validity, excluding one of the items. Thus, it can be used for assessing autonomous and controlled motivation in elite athletes, even though further research shall be conducted to improve this instrument.



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Palabras clave/key words

fiabilidad; motivación; validez; autodeterminación; reliability; motivation; validity, self-determination.

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RICYDE. Revista Internacional de Ciencias del Deporte

Publisher: Ramón Cantó Alcaraz
ISSN:1885-3137 - Periodicidad Trimestral / Quarterly
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