Análisis de la condición física en jugadores y jugadoras de tenis de mesa y su relación con el rendimiento deportivo. [Physical fitness analysis in male and female table tennis players and their relationship to competition performance].

Jon Mikel Picabea, Jesús Camara, Javier Yanci

Resumen


Los objetivos de este estudio fueron analizar el perfil físico de jugadores de tenis de mesa, observar si existían diferencias en función del género en las pruebas realizadas y determinar si existía alguna relación entre las pruebas de condición física y el rendimiento deportivo. Veinte jugadores de tenis de mesa, de los cuales 10 eran jugadores de categoría masculina (17,61 ± 7,56 años, 1,63 ± 0,11 m, 60,62 ± 20,03 kg, 22,07 ± 5,87 kg/m2) y 10 jugadoras de categoría femenina (17,35 ± 7,12 años, 1,61 ± 0,07 m, 48,89 ± 7,66 kg, 19,33 ± 2,26 kg/m2) fueron evaluados en la capacidad de sprint, fuerza isométrica de antebrazo, salto vertical con contra movimiento, salto horizontal con contra movimiento, capacidad de cambiar de dirección y flexibilidad. Los resultados mostraron mejores resultados en el grupo de jugadores masculinos en comparación con el grupo femenino en el test de capacidad de cambio de dirección (MAT, p < 0,05, TE = 1,08, alto) y en el test de fuerza isométrica del antebrazo (HANDG, p < 0,05, TE = -1,23, alto). Sin embargo, el grupo FEM, a efectos prácticos y de forma significativa, obtuvo mejores resultados en el test de flexibilidad (SAR, p < 0,05, TE = 1,03, alto). Por otro lado, no se obtuvo ninguna asociación significativa (p > 0,05) entre el resultado obtenido en las pruebas de condición física y el rendimiento deportivo en  competición ni en jugadores masculinos ni femeninos. Este aspecto pone de manifiesto que la condición física puede no ser uno de los factores relevantes en el rendimiento deportivo de los jugadores de tenis de mesa de este estudio.

Abstract

The aims of this study were to analyze the physical profile of table tennis players, look at differences between genders in the different tests and to determinate the relationships between the physical fitness test and sport performance. 20 table tennis players, 10 male players (17.61 ± 7.56 years, 1.63 ± 0.11 m, 60.62 ± 20.03 kg, 22.07 ± 5.87 kg/m2) and 10 female players (17.35 ± 7.12 years, 1.61 ± 0.07 m, 48.89 ± 7.66 kg, 19.33 ± 2.26 kg/m2), performed a sprint test, forearm isometric strength, countermovement vertical test, countermovement horizontal test, change of direction ability test and flexibility. The male players obtained better results than the female players in change of direction ability (MAT, p < 0.05, TE = 1.08, large), and in handgrip isometric strength test (HANDG, p < 0.05, TE = -1.23, large). However, females obtained better results in flexibility test (SAR, p < 0.05, TE = 1.03, large). On the other hand, there wasn’t significant correlation (p > 0.05) between the obtained results in physical fitness tests and the sport performance in competition in male and female players. This aspect shows that physical fitness may not be a relevant factor in table tennis players who participated in this study.

https://doi.org/10.5232/ricyde2017.04703

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Palabras clave/key words


sprint; fuerza; potencia; flexibilidad; género; correlación; sprint; strength; power; flexibility; gender; correlation.

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RICYDE. Revista Internacional de Ciencias del Deporte
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Publisher: Ramón Cantó Alcaraz
ISSN:1885-3137 - Periodicidad Trimestral / Quarterly
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