Movimiento y lenguaje: Análisis de las relaciones entre el desarrollo motor y del lenguaje en la infancia. [Movement and language: Analysis of the relationships between motor and language development in children].

Luis Miguel Ruiz-Pérez, Aixa Ruiz-Amengual, José Luis Linaza-Iglesias

Resumen


El estudio del desarrollo del lenguaje y del desarrollo motor ha tenido procesos paralelos e independientes, considerándose al segundo un ámbito secundario que nada tenía que ver con el primero. Las últimas décadas han revitalizado el estudio del desarrollo motor y los enfoques postcognitivos y encarnados (embodiment) han mostrado el papel que el cuerpo y la motricidad juegan en el desarrollo humano, e investigadores que antes estuvieron preocupados por otros ámbitos, han dirigido su atención a comprobar la veracidad de estas hipótesis. En el presente trabajo se ha realizado un análisis del estado del arte, revisando investigaciones que han explorado las relaciones existentes entre el desarrollo motor y del lenguaje, con especial atención a los estudios que relacionan los problemas de coordinación motriz y los problemas de desarrollo del leguaje, llegando a la conclusión de que son más las razones para considerar dichas relaciones que para rechazarlas.

Abstract

The study of language and motor development has had parallel and independent processes. Recently the study of motor development has been revitalized. The post-cognitive and embodiment approaches of cognition have shown that the body and sensomotor behavior are very relevant in the process of human development, and the researchers who were concerned about other areas of development, have turned their attention to check the accuracy of these hypotheses. This paper has reviewed the relationships between motor and language development, with special attention given to those studies about motor co-ordination problems and specific language problems, and concluded that there are more reasons to consider such relationships than to reject them.

http://dx.doi.org/10.5232/ricyde/2016.04603

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Palabras clave/key words


competencia motriz; encarnación; lenguaje: trastornos del desarrollo; infancia; motor competence; language; embodiment; developmental disorders; children.

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