¿Son los niños con sobrepeso menos activos durante los recreos escolares? [Are overweight children less active during school recesses?].

Iván López-Fernández, María Molina-Jodar, José Luis Chinchilla-Minguet, Francisco José Garrido-González, Carlos Alberto Pascual-Martos

Resumen


La actividad física diaria realizada por niños con sobrepeso es menor que la realizada por niños con peso normal. El objetivo de esta investigación era conocer si esa diferencia se mantenía también en entornos, como los recreos escolares, en los que todos cuentan con las mismas oportunidades de ser físicamente activos. Participaron 263 alumnos (140 niños, 123 niñas; 39,9% con sobrepeso) de seis a ocho años de edad. La actividad física durante los recreos fue evaluada a través de podómetros. No se encontraron diferencias significativas entre la actividad física desarrollada en los recreos por niños con peso normal y con sobrepeso (p = 0,586). El fomento de entornos, como los recreos escolares, podría contribuir a reducir la diferencia en los niveles de actividad física diaria entre niños con sobrepeso y con peso normal.

Abstract

Daily physical activity performed by overweight children is lower than daily physical activity performed by normal weight children. The aim of this research was to know if this difference was also maintained in environments, as school recesses, where all children have equal opportunities to be physically active. A total of 263 students (140 boys, 123 girls; 39.9% overweight) from six to eight years old participated in this study. Pedometers assessed physical activity during recesses. No significant differences were found between physical activity in recess for normal weight and overweight children (p = 0.586). Promoting environments, such as recesses, could help reduce the difference in levels of daily physical activity among overweight and normal weight children.

https://doi.org/10.5232/ricyde2017.04706

Referencias/references

Atkin, A. J.; van Sluijs, E. M. F.; Dollman, J.; Taylor, W. C., & Stanley, R. M. (2016). Identifying correlates and determinants of physical activity in youth: How can we advance the field? Preventive Medicine, 87, 167-169.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ypmed.2016.02.040

Brusseau, T. A.; Kulinna, P. H.; Tudor-Locke, C.; Ferry, M., van der Mars, H., & Darst, P. W. (2011). Pedometer-determined segmented physical activity patterns of fourth- and fifth-grade children. Journal of physical activity & health, 8(2), 279-286.
https://doi.org/10.1123/jpah.8.2.279

Cole, T. J.; Bellizzi, M. C.; Flegal, K. M., & Dietz, W. H. (2000). Establishing a standard definition for child overweight and obesity worldwide: international survey. BMJ (Clinical Research Ed.), 320(7244), 1240-1243.
https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.320.7244.1240

De Bourdeaudhuij, I.; Verloigne, M.; Maes, L.; Van Lippevelde, W.; Chinapaw, M. J. M.; Te Velde, S. J.; … Brug, J. (2013). Associations of physical activity and sedentary time with weight and weight status among 10- to 12-year-old boys and girls in Europe: a cluster analysis within the ENERGY project. Pediatric Obesity, 8(5), 367-375.
https://doi.org/10.1111/j.2047-6310.2012.00117.x

Dehghan, M.; Akhtar-Danesh, N., & Merchant, A. T. (2005). Childhood obesity, prevalence and prevention. Nutrition Journal, 4, 24.
https://doi.org/10.1186/1475-2891-4-24

Erwin, H.; Abel, M.; Beighle, A.; Noland, M. P.; Worley, B., & Riggs, R. (2012). The contribution of recess to children's school-day physical activity. Journal of physical activity & health, 9(3), 442-448.
https://doi.org/10.1123/jpah.9.3.442

Global BMI Mortality Collaboration. (2016). Body-mass index and all-cause mortality: individual-participant-data meta-analysis of 239 prospective studies in four continents. Lancet (London, England), 388(10046), 776-786.
https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(16)30175-1

Hohepa, M.; Scragg, R.; Schofield, G.; Kolt, G. S., & Schaaf, D. (2009). Self-reported physical activity levels during a segmented school day in a large multiethnic sample of high school students. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport / Sports Medicine Australia, 12(2), 284-292.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsams.2007.11.005

Jiménez-Pavón, D.; Kelly, J., & Reilly, J. J. (2010). Associations between objectively measured habitual physical activity and adiposity in children and adolescents: Systematic review. International Journal of Pediatric Obesity: IJPO: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity, 5(1), 3-18.
https://doi.org/10.3109/17477160903067601

López-Fernández, I.; Pascual-Martos, C. A., & Alvarez-Carnero, E. (2013). Validation of a Pedometer to Measure Physical Activity during School Recess. Journal of Sport and Health Research, 5(2), 167-178.

Martínez-Vizcaíno, V.; Solera Martínez, M.; Notario Pacheco, B.; Sánchez López, M.; García-Prieto, J. C.; Torrijos Ni-o, C.; … Rodríguez-Artalejo, F. (2012). Trends in excess of weight, underweight and adiposity among Spanish children from 2004 to 2010: the Cuenca Study. Public Health Nutrition, 15(12), 2170-2174.
https://doi.org/10.1017/S1368980012003473

Parrish, A.-M.; Okely, A. D.; Stanley, R. M., & Ridgers, N. D. (2013). The effect of school recess interventions on physical activity : a systematic review. Sports Medicine (Auckland, N.Z.), 43(4), 287-299.
https://doi.org/10.1007/s40279-013-0024-2

Ridgers, N. D.; Fairclough, S. J., & Stratton, G. (2010). Twelve-month effects of a playground intervention on children's morning and lunchtime recess physical activity levels. Journal of Physical Activity & Health, 7(2), 167-175.
https://doi.org/10.1123/jpah.7.2.167

Ridgers, N. D.; Saint-Maurice, P. F.; Welk, G. J.; Siahpush, M., & Huberty, J. L. (2013). Non-overweight and overweight children's physical activity during school recess. Health Education Journal, 17896912471032.
https://doi.org/10.1177/0017896912471032

Ridgers, N. D.; Stratton, G., & McKenzie, T. L. (2010). Reliability and validity of the System for Observing Children's Activity and Relationships during Play (SOCARP). Journal of Physical Activity & Health, 7(1), 17-25.
https://doi.org/10.1123/jpah.7.1.17

Ridgers, N.; Stratton, G., & Fairclough, S. (2006). Physical activity levels of children during school playtime. Sports Medicine, 36(4), 359-371.
https://doi.org/10.2165/00007256-200636040-00005

Stratton, G.; Ridgers, N. D.; Fairclough, S. J., & Richardson, D. J. (2007). Physical activity levels of normal-weight and overweight girls and boys during primary school recess. Obesity (Silver Spring, Md.), 15(6), 1513-1519.
https://doi.org/10.1038/oby.2007.179

Wijtzes, A. I.; Bouthoorn, S. H.; Jansen, W.; Franco, O. H.; Hofman, A.; Jaddoe, V. W., & Raat, H. (2014). Sedentary behaviors, physical activity behaviors, and body fat in 6-year-old children: the generation R study. The International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 11, 96.
https://doi.org/10.1186/s12966-014-0096-x


Palabras clave/key words


actividad física; sobrepeso; obesidad; niños; colegios; physical activity; overweight; obesity; children; schools.

Texto completo/Full Text:

PDF




------------------------ 0 -------------------------

RICYDE. Revista Internacional de Ciencias del Deporte
logopublisher_168
Publisher: Ramón Cantó Alcaraz
ISSN:1885-3137 - Periodicidad Trimestral / Quarterly
Creative Commons License