Origin and modifications of the geometrical centre to assess team behaviour in team sports: a systematic review. [Origen y modificaciones del punto geométrico para evaluar el comportamiento táctico colectivo en deportes de equipo: una revisión sistemática].

Markel Rico-González, José Pino-Ortega, Fabio Yuzo Nakamura, Felipe Arruda-Moura, Asier Los Arcos



The aim of the present study was to systematically review the origin and modifications of the geometrical centre (GC) in the assessment of team behaviour in team sports. Studies were identified following the PRISMA guidelines and PICO design for systematics reviews in four electronic databases (PubMed, SPORTDiscus, ProQuest Central, and Web of Sciences). A total of 3,973 documents were initially retrieved, of which 1,779 were duplicates. After checking 2,178, another 36 were added from the references of the studies. 72 articles met de inclusion criteria and 7 were included for the systematic review. Habitually, the GC is computed as the mean [X,Y] of several or all players in the sports team. Despite the relevance of the location of the players with respect to the goal, habitually, the goalkeeper/target has not been considered in the measurement of the GC. Two techniques (i.e. Hilbert transformation and cluster analyses) have been applied to analyse the synchronisation (i.e. relative phase) and the average mutual information (AMI) to assess the complexity and regularity or predictability of the GC in team sports. Since the GC does not consider the goalkeepers and team dispersion, this measure should be interpreted with caution, but together with other tactical variables can provide interesting information for team sports technical staff.


El objetivo de este estudio fue revisar sistemáticamente el origen y las modificaciones del centro geométrico (GC) en la evaluación del comportamiento táctico colectivo en los deportes de equipo. La identificación de los estudios se llevó a cabo en cuatro bases de datos (PubMed, SPORTDiscus, ProQuest Central, and Web of Sciences) siguiendo la guía PRISMA y el diseño PICO para revisiones sistemáticas. Un total de 3,973 documentos fueron inicialmente recuperados, de los cuales 1,779 eran duplicados. Después de analizar 2,178 artículos, otros 36 fueron añadidos tras ser rescatados de las referencias bibliográficas. 72 artículos cumplieron los criterios de inclusión, de los cuales 7 sugirieron variables tácticas originales relacionadas con el posicionamiento del GC. Dos cálculos diferentes han sido propuestos para medir el GC en los deportes de equipo, siendo la media [X, Y] de varios o todos los jugadores del equipo el más utilizado. El primer cálculo del GC fue propuesto en fútbol y consideró al portero, pero este jugador especial no suele ser incluido en la medición. La ubicación de los jugadores con respecto a la diana no ha sido considerada para valorar el GC en deportes de equipo como el fútbol. Por lo tanto, las variables tácticas complementarias, como por ejemplo la distancia entre el portero o la portería y el GC, podrían asociarse con el GC para evaluar la posición relativa de varios jugadores en el espacio de juego. Dos técnicas distintas (i.e. la transformación de Hilbert y el cluster analyses) han sido aplicadas para analizar la sincronización (i.e. la fase relativa) y el average mutual information (AMI) para evaluar la complejidad y regularidad o previsibilidad del GC en los deportes de equipo.



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Palabras clave/key words

collective tactical behaviour; spatial centre; centroid; positioning; comportamiento táctico colectivo; centro geométrico; centroide; posicionamiento.

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RICYDE. Revista Internacional de Ciencias del Deporte

Publisher: Ramón Cantó Alcaraz
ISSN:1885-3137 - Periodicidad Trimestral / Quarterly
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