Individual tactical effects of finishing at three mini-goals instead of one regular goal during small sided games in youth soccer players. [Efectos tácticos individuales de finalizar en tres miniporterías en lugar de en una portería reglamentaria durante juegos reducidos en futbolistas jóvenes].

Joaquín González Rodenas, Rodrigo Aranda Malavés, Andrés Tudela-Desantes, Rafael Aranda Malavés



The aim of this investigation was to determine the effects of modifying the number and type of targets on the individual offensive behavior during small-sided games (SSGs) in youth soccer players. A total of 20 youth elite players (age: 13.9± 0.6 years; weight: 53.2±5.6 kg; height: 1.6±8.3) performed a training game in form of 5vs5 players + 1 floater (excluding goalkeepers) under two different formats: 1) finishing at one regular goal and goalkeeper (RG) and 2) finishing at three mini-goals without goalkeeper (3MG). The sample comprised 1056 individual possessions for which six technical tactical indicators were evaluated by means of observational methodology. Descriptive and comparative analyses revealed that 3MG games created a context where players of all playing positions received the ball in more advanced field zones, under less defensive pressure, and performed fewer dribbles than during the RG games. Also, regression logistic analyses showed how players had lower odds of performing passes to progress vs to possess (Odds ratio= 0.577; 95% confidence interval: 0.427-0.779; p<0.05), as well as registered higher odds to achieve a positive outcome in their actions (Odds ratio=2.143; 95% confidence interval: 1.488-3.086; p<0.05) during the 3MG format. This study shows that finishing at one regular goal increases the defensive pressure on the ball carrier and the implementation of more penetrative actions such as dribbles and passes to progress, in comparison with finishing at three mini-goals.


El objetivo de esta investigación fue determinar los efectos de modificar el número y el tipo de porterías sobre el comportamiento ofensivo individual durante juegos reducidos (SSG) en jugadores de fútbol base.  Un total de 20 jugadores jóvenes de élite (edad: 13,9± 0,6 años; peso: 53.2±5.6 kg; altura: 1.6±8.3) realizaron un juego de entrenamiento en forma de 5vs5 jugadores + 1 comodín (excluyendo porteros) bajo dos formatos diferentes: 1) finalizando en una portería reglamentaria con portero (RG) y 2) finalizando en tres miniporterías sin portero (3MG). La muestra estuvo compuesta por 1056 posesiones individuales para las cuales se evaluaron seis indicadores técnico-tácticos mediante metodología observacional. Los análisis descriptivos y comparativos revelaron que los juegos de 3MG crearon un contexto donde los jugadores de todas las posiciones recibieron el balón en zonas del campo más avanzadas, bajo menos presión defensiva y realizaron menos regates que durante los juegos de RG. Además, los análisis de regresión logística mostraron que los jugadores tenían menos probabilidades de realizar pases para progresar vs para poseer el balón (Oportunidad relativa= 0.577; 95% intervalo de confianza: 0.427-0.779; p<0.05), así como registraron mayores probabilidades de lograr un rendimiento positivo en sus acciones (Oportunidad relativa=2.143; 95% intervalo de confianza: 1.488-3.086; p<0.05) durante el formato 3MG. Este estudio muestra que finalizar en una portería reglamentaria aumenta la presión defensiva sobre el jugador con balón y la implementación de más acciones penetrantes como regates y pases de progresión, en comparación con finalizar en tres miniporterías.


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Palabras clave/key words

soccer coaching; tactical skills; representative training; football; constraints led approach; entrenamiento de fútbol; habilidad táctica; entrenamiento representativo; fútbol; enfoque basado en constreñimientos.

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RICYDE. Revista Internacional de Ciencias del Deporte

Publisher: Ramón Cantó Alcaraz
ISSN:1885-3137 - Periodicidad Trimestral / Quarterly
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